MCQs for Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 1 “Resources and Development”

 

CBSE Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 1 “Resources and Development” Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with Answers

Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 1 – Resources and Development. Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference.

 

Click Here for MCQ video of Resources and Development

 

Q1. What is a resource?

A. Extracts from nature
B. Man Made products
C. Extracts from environment- technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable
D. Any thing from which a product can be manufactured

 

Q2. The process of transformation of things available in our environment involves an interactive relationship between ………………………………………… ?

A. Nature and technology
B. nature, technology and institutions
C. Environment and nature
D. Environment and technology

 

Q3. How do human beings interact with nature?

A. Through technology
B. Through nurturing environmental resources
C. Through industry
D. Through experimental advances


Q4.Are resources free gifts of nature? And how?

A. Yes they are
B. They are not , Resources are a function of human activities
C. Yes Resources are nurtured by nature
D. No, Any thing from which a product can be manufactured

Also See: Class 10 History Chapter 1 “The Rise of Nationalism in Europe” MCQs

 

Q5. How are resources qualified?

A. On the basis of origin
B. On the basis of utility
C. On the basis of distribution
D. On the basis of potential

 

Q6. Where are Biotic Resources obtained from?

A. from biosphere and have life such as human beings, flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock
B. composed of non-living things
C. reproduced by physical, chemical or mechanical processes
D. Minerals and fossil fuels

 

Q7.Where are Abiotic Resources obtained from?

A. Minerals and fossil fuels
B. reproduced by physical, chemical or mechanical processes
C. composed of non-living things
D. from biosphere and have life such as human beings, flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock

 

Q8. What are renewable resources?

A. These are obtained from biosphere and have life
B. composed of non-living things
C. which can be renewed or reproduced by physical, chemical or mechanical processes
D. from biosphere and have life such as human beings, flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock

 

Q9. Give examples of renewable resources.

A. Minerals and fossil fuels
B. solar and wind energy, water, forests and wildlife
C. rocks and metals.
D. flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock

Important Questions and Answers

 

Q10. Give examples of non renewable resources.

A. flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock
B. solar and wind energy, water, forests and wildlife
C. Minerals and fossil fuels
D. rocks and metals.

 

Q11. Which of these are resources based on ownership?

A. Individual Resources:
B. Abiotic
C. Renewable Resources
D. Non renewable

 

Q12. Give examples of community owned resources?

A. public parks, playgrounds, grazing grounds, burial grounds
B. plots, houses
C. energy, water, forests
D. flora and fauna, fisheries

 

Q13. Give examples of National resources?

A. plots, houses
B. public parks, playgrounds, grazing grounds, burial grounds
C. oceanic resources
D. minerals, water resources, forests, wildlife, land

Also See: Class 10 Political Science  Chapter 1 “Power Sharing” MCQs

 

Q14. What are potential resources?

A. resources which can be renewed or reproduced
B. Resources which are found in a region, but have not been utilised
C. Resources which are surveyed and their quality and quantity have been determined for utilisation
D. those things which are composed of non-living things

 

Q15. What are developed resources?

A. Resources which are surveyed and their quality and quantity have been determined for utilisation
B. resources which can be renewed or reproduced
C. those things which are composed of non-living things
D. Resources which are found in a region, but have not been utilised

 

Q16. What is stock?

A. resources which can be renewed or reproduced
B. Resources which are found in a region, but have not been utilised
C. Materials in the environment which have the potential to satisfy human needs but human beings do not have the appropriate technology to access these
D. solar and wind energy, water, forests and wildlife

 

Q17. Human beings used resources indiscriminately and this has led to the following major problems, What are these problems?

A. Not well planned use of these resources.
B. Wastage of resources
C. Not many problems.
D. Accumulation of resources in few hands

 

Q18. What is Sustainable Development?

A. Well planned use of resources and development
B. Accumulation of resources and then using them accordingly
C. development should take place without damaging the environment keeping in mind the future generations
D. Using materials in the environment which have the potential to satisfy human needs

Also See: Class 10 Economics  Chapter 1 “Development” MCQs

 

Q19. Why do we need resource planning?

A. Because of enormous diversity in the availability of resources
B. Because we need to think of future generations
C. We need to consider materials in the environment which have the potential to satisfy human needs
D. The need to collect materials and resources and then using them accordingly

 

Q20. What does resource planning in India involve?

A. Defining the number of resources
B. surveying, mapping and qualitative and quantitative estimation and measurement of the resources
C. Taking government permission
D. Matching the resource development plans with overall national development plans

 

Q21 Why is.Conservation of Resources important?

A. So that they don’t get wasted
B. irrational consumption and over utilization of resources may lead to socio-economic and environmental problems
C. For evolving a planning structure endowed with appropriate technology, skill and institutional set up
D. For matching the resource development plan with overall national development plans

 

Q22. Which type of land is not used for cultivation?

A. Already on crop production
B. Land put to non-agricultural uses, e.g. buildings, roads, factories, etc
C. All types of land
D. Black soil land

 

Q23. What are fallow Lands?

A. Current fallow-(left without cultivation for one or less than one agricultural year)
B. wastelands
C. Land put to non-agricultural uses
D. Land under miscellaneous tree crops groves

 

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Q24. What is the total geographical area of India?

A. 3.25 million sq km
B. 3.20 million sq km
C. 3. 22 million sq km
D. 3. 28 million sq km

 

Q25. Waste land includes………………………

A. Land left without cultivation for one or less than one agricultural year
B. Land put to non-agricultural uses
C. rocky, arid and desert areas
D. Land left uncultivated for the past 1 to 5 agricultural years

 

Q26. ………. percent of our basic needs for food, shelter and clothing are obtained from land.

A. 70
B. 80
C. 90
D. 95

 

Q27. Which human activities have led to land degradation?

A. deforestation, overgrazing
B. agriculture
C. Buildings and making roads
D. Factories and industry

 

Q28. How can we solve the problems of land degradation?

A. Afforestation
B. More agriculture crops
C. Try to grow plants in desert areas
D. Keep injury away from agriculture land

 

Q29. What are the factors responsible for soil formation?

A. Agriculture
B. Forests
C. Desert denudation
D. change in temperature, actions of running water, wind and glaciers, activities of decomposers

 

Q30. Which is the most widely spread soil in India?

A. Black soil
B. Alluvial soil
C. Red soil
D. Arid soil

 

Q31. Which important river systems have set the Alluvial soil?

A. Ganga Indus
B. Kaveri
C. Beas
D. Satluj

 

Q32. Alluvial soils are favorable for the growth of …………..

A. sugarcane, paddy, wheat and other cereal and pulse crops
B. Nuts
C. Palm
D. Cotton

 

Q33.Black soil is favourable for the growth of……….

A. Paddy and wheat
B. Nuts
C. Cereals
D. cotton

 

Q34. Where is black soil mostly found?

A. Karnataka & Kerala
B. plateaus of Maharashtra, Saurashtra, Malwa, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
C. Rajasthan and Gujrat
D. Assam

 

Q35. Where are red soils mostly found?

A. Deccan plateau, parts of Odisha,
B. Kerala and karnataka
C. Rajasthan and Gujarat
D. Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh

 

Q36. Where are the laterite soils found in India?

A. middle Ganga plain
B. Saurashtra, Malwa
C. Western Ghats region of Maharashtra, Odisha,
D. Madhya Pradesh

 

Q37. Where is the Arid soil found?

A. Rajasthan
B. Gujarat
C. Assam
D. Madhya Pradesh

 

Q38. The land becomes unfit for cultivation and is known……….

A. Fallow land
B. Bad land
C. Wasted land
D. Deserted land

 

Q39. What is soil erosion?

A. denudation of the soil cover and subsequent washing down of soil
B. Soil eroded by rivers
C. Muddy stuff blown away by winds
D. Soil eroded by rains

 

Q40. The processes of ………… and ………, go on simultaneously and generally there is a balance between the two.

A. Denudation and erosion
B. Soil formation and erosion
C. Soil formation and denudation
D. Climatic conditions and soil erosion

 

Q41. Why is the balance between the two disturbed?

A. due to human activities like deforestation, over-grazing, construction and mining
B. Afforestation
C. Agriculture
D. Climate

 

Q42. The running water cuts through the clayey soils and makes deep channels known as …………….

A. Tributaries
B. Ravines
C. Gullies
D. Drains

 

Q43. When the topsoil is washed away what is it called?

A. Sheet erosion
B. Layer erosion
C. Part erosion
D. Flat erosion

 

Q44. What is strip cropping?

A. Planting lines of trees
B. Planting between water beds
C. Cultivating making steps
D. Strips of grass are left to grow between the crops

 

Q45. What are shelter belts?

A. Cultivating making steps
B. Planting lines of trees to create shelter
C. Planting huge bush plants in deserts
D. Planting near water beds

 

Q46. What is the contribution of the shelter belts?

A. To conserve water
B. To conserve soil
C. to the stabilisation of sand dunes
D. To maintain forests

 

Q47. Which one of the following types of resources is iron ore?

A. Renewable
B. Non renewable
C. Biotic
D. Abiotic

 

Q48. How can resources be classified?

A. On the basis of origin
B. On the basis of colour
C. On the basis of use
D. On the basis of area

 

Q49. What type of a resource are rocks?

A. Abiotic
B. Renewable
C. Potential
D. Biotic

 

Q50. Water in the dams, forests etc. is a ………….. resources which can be used in the future?

A. Potential
B. Reserve
C. Renewable
D. National

Important Videos Links

Answer key for Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 1 – Resources and Development

Q. No.AnswerQ. No.AnswerQ. No.Answer
1C21B41A
2B22B42C
3A23A43A
4B24D44D
5A25C45B
6A26D46C
7C27A47D
8C28A48A
9B29D49A
10C30B50B
11A31A
12A32A
13D33D
14B34B
15A35A
16C36C
17D37A
18C38B
19A39A
20B40B

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