Specialized Courses in Physics / Higher Study in Physics in India

Specialized Higher Study in Physics in India –After completing graduation in Physics – (B Sc in Physics, BSc Hons Physics), students who wish to carry on studying Physics to a specialized level or an expertise level will need to proceed initially to the Masters courses in Physics ( BSc + MSc Physics Integrated. These students may move on to Phil and PhD in Physics.

In the pursuing detailed study of the Physics the students can study related specialized subjects. The specialized subjects and branches include astrophysics, astronomy, nuclear physics, geophysics, applied geophysics, solid state physics, and space physics.

Physics may be broadly classified into theoretical and experimental categories. Theoretical physics deals with laws and theories, while experimental physics involves the designing of experiments and comparison of the findings with predictions based on theory and laws.


Astrophysics, as specialized subject, is one of the better options for higher studies. It is a branch of astronomy that deals with the physics of the universe, including the physical properties of astronomical objects, such as stars and galaxies. The study of Astrophysics starts at the Bachelors Level.

Institutes offering Astrophysics in India are

  1. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore
  2. IIT Bombay
  3. Indian Institute of science Bangalore
  4. Indian institute of Technology, Madras  
  5. Indian institute of Technology, Delhi
  6. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research , Mumbai
  7. Institute Of Physics – Bhubaneswar, Orissa
  8. University of Delhi, (DU)
  9. Indian Institute of Technology Khargpur
  10. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  11. IIT Guwahati


Nuclear Physics

It is another specialized branch of physics involving the scientific study of the forces, reactions, and internal structure of the atomic nuclei. To become a nuclear physicist, specialize in nuclear physics at the M.Sc. and the Ph.D. levels. Those who score top marks in B.Sc. Physics can go for the M.Sc. Nuclear physics course.

Institutes offering Nuclear Physics Courses in India are

  1. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore
  2. Andhra University – Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
  3. Karnataka City College, Bangalore 
  4. Institute Of Physics – Bhubaneswar, Orissa
  5. Rashtrasant Tukdoji Maharaj Nagpur University – Nagpur, Maharashtra
  6. St. Xavier`s College – Kolkata, West Bengal
  7. College of Science & Technology – Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
  8. Kamla Nehru Institute of Physical and Social Sciences – Sultanpur, Uttar Pradesh
  9. Berhampur University – Berhampur, Orissa
  10. Vivekananda Rural Education Society College of Physical Education (Raichur, Karnataka



It is the study of the physics of the Earth, especially its crust. Applied geophysics deals with the application of methods of physics in the study of the Earth. Geophysics and applied geophysics courses are rare.

Institutes offering Geophysics Courses in India are

  1. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
  2. Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  4. Dept Applied Geophysics,Indian School of Mines University, Dhanbad
  5. Kurukshetra University, Dept of Geophysics
  6. National Geophysical Research Institute, NGRI Hyderabad
  7. Banaras Hindu University
  8. Osmani University, Hyderabad
  9. Institute Of Physics – Bhubaneswar, Orissa
  10. Andhra University – Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh



Meteorology, an interdisciplinary science, studies the Earth’s atmosphere that influences weather conditions. Therefore, meteorology is mainly concerned with the study of weather and weather forecasting.

Atmospheric Science is a combination of meteorology and other branches of physical sciences involved in studying the atmosphere.

Meteorology and Atmospheric Science courses are generally conducted at the M.Sc. and the M.Tech. levels. Only a few universities in the country offer them. A student considering a career in meteorology or atmospheric science should study physics at the graduate level.

Institutes offering Meteorology Courses in India are

  1. Andhra University – Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
  2. Aryabhatta Research Institute of observational Sciences
  3. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  4. Cochin Institute of Science and Technology, Kerala
  5. IIT Karagpur
  6. Inter-University Centre of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune
  7. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  8. Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
  9. Shivaji University Vidya Nagar
  10. Cochin University of science and Technology


Other Options

  • The IITs at Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Hyderabad, Roorkee, and Guwahati, offer M.Sc. level courses in physics.
  • The IITs, Kanpur and Bombay, conduct a M.Sc.- Ph.D. dual-degree programme in physics. Physics graduates with at least 55 per cent marks in aggregate can get admission on clearing the Joint Admission Test .
  • Indian Institute of science IISc Bangalore offers integrated Ph.D. programmes in physical sciences for physics graduates through Entrance Test at national level.
  • S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata, conducts a post-B.Sc. integrated M.Sc.-Ph.D. programme in physical sciences.
  • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, offers undergraduate Associateship in biophysical sciences
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, the Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, and the Nuclear Science Centre, New Delhi, provide research facilities leading to a Ph.D. in the relevant fields of physics.
  • Those who have obtained a Master’s degree in the respective discipline with high marks can appear for the Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) for admission to the Ph.D. programmes being offered by leading research institutes in India.
  • Details of more universities conducting M.Sc., M.Phil. and Ph.D. programmes in Physics and related fields subjects may be seen  from the University Handbook published by the Association of Indian Universities, New Delhi.