List of Viceroys in India for Competitive Exams 

 
List of Viceroys in India:  In most of the Competitive Exams, questions related to Viceroys in India in India are asked in their General Awareness Section Here we have prepared the list of Viceroys in India to help you improve your general knowledge for competitive exams
 

List of Viceroys in India

 

ViceroyTenureAchievement
Lord Canning1858-1862Abolished doctrine of lapse
Lord Elgin1862 – 1863Wahabi Movement
Lord Lawrence1864 – 1869
  • Establishment of High court in Calcutta, Madras during his reign.
  • Anglo-Bhutanese war
Lord Mayo1869 – 1872
  • Financial Distribution between centre and state introduced for the first time
  • First Census in 1872
  • Mayo College for the royal elite was set up
  • Lord Mayo was the only Governor-General who was killed in India. He was killed by Sher Ali Afridi in Port Blair
  • Establishment of Statistical Survey of India
Lord Northbrook1872 – 1876
  • Civil Marriage and Arya Samaj marriage introduced
  • Universal Marriage Act introduced in 1872
  • Intercaste Marriage allowed
  • Kuka Movement in Punjab
Lord Lytton1876 – 1880
  • Vernacular Press Act, 1878
  • Arms Act, 1878
  • Nationalist view – Due to High rate of taxation purchasing power had reduced.
  • Government view – Drought is natural phenomena due to which people became poor
  • Ignored severe famine and organized durbar. Proclaimed Queen Victoria “The Empress of India”
  • Abolished tax on cotton for British traders
  • Maximum age to take up civil services exam lowered from 21 to 19
Lord Ripon1880 – 1884
  • Was the most loved Governor-General
  • Repealed the controversial Arms and Vernacular press act
  • Set up Local self-governments – Panchayats and Municipal Boards due to which he was known as Father of Self Government
  • 2 new universities opened – Punjab University 1884, Allahabad University 1887
  • Illbert Bill – Indian judge cannot try English Judge
  • Appointment of Hunter Commission
Lord Dufferin1884 – 1888
  • III Anglo-­Burmese war (1885-­1886)
  • Indian National Congress was founded in 1885
Lord Lansdowne1888 – 1894
  • Indian Councils Act, 1892 (Indirect election was introduced for the first time)
  • Factory Act, 1891
Lord Elgin II1894 – 1899
  • First British Officer called Rands was killed.
  • He was killed by Chapekar (Ramkrishna & Damodar) Brothers. This was the first political murder.
Lord Curzon1899 – 1905
  • Indian Universities act – to control Indian Universities
  • Raleigh Commission
  • Partition of Bengal
  • Curzon-Kitchener controversy
Lord Minto II1905 – 1910Morley – Minto reforms
Lord Hardinge II1910 – 1916
  • Mesopotamian Campaign
  • Transfer of Capital from Calcutta to Delhi
  • Hindu Mahasabha was established by Madan Mohan Malaviya
Lord Chelmsford1916 – 1921
  • Home Rule League Movements
  • Rowlatt Act was passed
  • Montague – Chelmsford reform was passed
Lord Reading1921 – 1926
  • Swaraj Party was formed
  • Chauri – Chaura incident took place
Lord Irwin1926 – 1931
  • Launch of civil disobedience movement and Dandi march
  • First round table conference was held
Lord Willingdon 1931 – 1936
  • Second & Third Round Table Conference
  • Poona pact was signed
  • Communal award was started
Lord Linlithgow1936 – 1944
  • Cripps Mission
  • Quit India movement
Lord Wavell1944 – 1947
  • CR Formula 1944
  • Launch of Direct Action day
  • Wavell Plan & Shimla conference
Lord Mountbatten1947-48
  • June 3rd Plan
  • Last Viceroy and First Governor-General of free India