The Full form of TURP is Transurethral Resection of the Prostate. TURP is a surgery used to treat urinary problems due to an enlarged prostate. This procedure is done on the prostate gland, so it can only be done on male patients. The ‘Trans’ means through, ‘Urethra’ is the portion of anatomy in the urinary tract, ‘Resection’ is the removal and ‘Prostate’ is the gland in the male reproductive system that produces secretions that help make semen. Male patients might need TURP for several reasons. Most of the reasons are mainly due to the patient having an enlarged prostate. Having an enlarged prostate leads to symptoms such as urinating more frequently, difficulty urinating, an intense urge to urinate even after already urinating, and dribbling uncontrollably throughout the day. The prostate could be enlarged due to prostate cancer, BPH, which stands for benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis, which is inflammation of the prostate and prostatalgia, which is pain in the prostate gland. TURP might also be done to prevent or treat complications due to blocked urine flow, such as recurring urinary tract infections, kidney or bladder damage, inability to control urination or an inability to urinate at all, bladder stones or blood in urine.