The full form of SOP is Standard Operating Procedure. It is a set of step by step guidelines or instructions that an organisation compiles so that its employees and workers can carry out the routine operations which are complex in nature. With the SOPs, the companies and organisations of different types try to achieve uniformity in employees’ performance, quality output as well as the efficiency. It reduces the chance of miscommunication and workers fully comply with industry regulations. Once the SOPs are implemented in a company, it ensures that there is consistency in different official functions such as accounting, sales, marketing, customer service, etc. On the basis of services offered, SOPs may vary from company to company. In the companies which are smaller in size, usually the CEO is in charge of taking decisions regarding the daily business activities. Still, SOPs are necessary so that the activities remain consistent. Different fields such as Power Plants, Pharmaceuticals, Emergency Response, Clinical Research are such that there should be no scope for mistakes and SOPs are implemented seriously.