The Full form of RTI is the Right to Information. RTI is a fundamental right of every Indian citizen under Article 19(1) of the Constitution. In 2005, this act was passed by the Parliament to replace the Freedom of Information Act, 2002. This act empowers the citizens of India to get public information, the information which was previously under the control of government officials. Right to Information Act enables any Indian citizen to inspect government work by asking them to provide copies of files, documents, etc.
This Act is applicable to all union territories and states of India except the state of J&K (Jammu and Kashmir). The Act helps promote transparency and accountability in government departments and institutions and acts as an effective framework for retrieval of information. The basic aim of RTI Act is to eradicate the unawareness of the rights that the country’s citizens possess.
It is aimed at endorsing transparency and liability in the governmental departments, agencies, and institutions of the country. It comes as a revolutionary act because it gives power to the common man to scrutinize government officials. Many people stay away from practicing their rights due to a lack of awareness. Even today, there are farmers, villagers, women, workers, and children, who are unaware of their rights.