The Full form of NICU is Newborn or Neonatal, Intensive Care Unit. A Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), also known as an Intensive Care Nursery (ICN), is an intensive care unit specializing in the care of premature or ill newborn infants. Neonatal refers to the first 28 days of life. Neonatal care, as known as specialized nurseries or intensive care, has been around since the 1960s. NICU is a special section in pediatric department of a hospital, where newborn babies are kept for days or weeks subjected to the baby’s scale of prematurity. This department of the hospital possesses special equipment and personals that are trained to provide extensive care to the babies and their special needs. The equipment at NICU provides adequate oxygen and temperature and mitigates the risks associated with them. Altogether it provides the optimal environment for the baby’s sustenance. NICU is typically directed by one or more neonatologists and staffed by nurses, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, resident physicians, respiratory therapists, and dietitians. Many other ancillary disciplines and specialists are available at larger units. Neonatal nurse practitioners are advanced practice nurses that care for sick newborns and premature babies in intensive care units, delivery rooms, emergency rooms, and special clinics.