The Full form of NASA is National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was created by the National Aeronautics and Space Act in 1958. NASA, as agency of the Unite States government, has “the mission to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics research.” Therefore, NASA concentrates its efforts in two main areas, namely space exploration and civilian and military aerospace research.
NASA is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. The main activities of NASA are focused on the research and test of new flight technologies, the creation of capabilities for sustainable human and robotic exploration, space exploration and supply of space technologies.
NASA develops also its activities in the field of disaster management, NASA is conscious of the fact that “correct forecast and predictions of natural phenomena are vitally important to allow for proper evacuation and damage mitigation strategies”. Since the time, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle.
Currently, NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, the Space Launch System and Commercial Crew vehicles.