There is no Full form of JAVA as such. JAVA is a general-purpose programming language that is object-oriented, class-based, and designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is intended to let application developers WORA (write once, run anywhere), meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms without the need for recompilation that support Java. The applications of JAVA are typically compiled to byte code that can run on any JVM (Java virtual machine) regardless of the underlying computer architecture.
The JAVA syntax is similar to C and C++, but as compared to both, it has fewer low-level facilities. According to GitHub, JAVA was one of the most popular programming languages in use as of 2019, particularly web applications for client-server, with more than 9 million developers. JAVA was originally developed at Sun Micro-systems (which has since been acquired by Oracle) by James Gosling and released as a core component of Sun Micro-systems’ JAVA platform in 1995.
The reference and original implementation Java compilers, class libraries, and virtual machines were originally released by Sun under proprietary licenses. In May 2007, Sun had re-licensed most of JAVA technologies in compliance with the specifications of the Community Process of JAVA, under the GNU General Public License.