The Full form of ISO is International Organization for Standardization. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations. International Standards Organization (ISO) makes standards and guidelines for variety of businesses and purposes and publishes technical reports. It was founded on 23 February 1947 and the organization promotes worldwide proprietary, industrial and commercial standards. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland and works in 162 countries. The name, “ISO” is not an acronym but was derived from the Greek word “isos” meaning “Equal”, which means that the relation to standards is that if two objects meet the same standard, they should be treated equal. ISO is a non-governmental organization that forms a bridge between the public and private sectors. Many of its member institutes are part of the governmental structure of their countries, or are mandated by their government and on the other hand, other members have their roots uniquely in the private sector, having been set up by national partnerships of industry associations. It is the world’s largest developer of voluntary international standards and facilitates world trade by providing common standards between nations. Over twenty thousand standards have been set covering everything from manufactured products and technology to food safety, agriculture and healthcare.