The Full form of IPS is Indian Police Service. IPS, simply known as Police service is one of the three All India Services of Government of India. The Indian Police Service is formed in 1948, a year later of independence of India. Being a top rated and one of the most prestigious services in India, it has also replaced the Indian (Imperial) Police. The IPS officers are recruited through the exam of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). This exam is conducted every year and the selected candidates can choose their preferences from the top three services i.e. IAS, IFS and IPS. For general category candidates, there are four attempts to pass this exam, 7 attempts for the OBC candidates and no restriction for the SC/ST candidates. The IPS service is divided into different departments like Crime Branch, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Home Guards and Traffic Bureau. With approximately 100000 plus candidates taking the exam out of which fewer than 200 are finally selected. Due to its extreme competitive nature, this is considered as the toughest exam in India. The minimum educational qualification required to apply for this job is a graduate degree from a recognized university. A minimum height required for men to apply is 165 cm and 150 cm for women. Candidate belongs to SC/ST and to races such as Assamese, Kumaonis, Nagaland Tribals, Gorkhas, Garhwalias etc. the minimum height is relaxable to 160 and 145 cm for men and women respectively.