The Full form of FAO is Food and Agriculture Organization. FAO is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN). It contributes to and leads to international efforts to improve nutrition, defeat hunger and food security. The FAO is the oldest existing agency of the United Nations founded in the year 1945. It also helps and encourages its member countries to modernize and improve forestry, agriculture, and fisheries practices.
The FAO has its headquarters in Rome, Italy and maintain its field and regional offices around the world, operating in over 130 countries. It helps development agencies and governments to coordinate their activities to develop and improve land and water resources, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. It also provides technical assistance to projects, conducts research, operates educational and training programs, and collects data on agricultural production, output, and development.
It is composed of 197 member states and is governed by a biennial conference which represents each member country and the EU (European Union), which elects a 49-member executive council. At Present, Qu Dongyu of China is the Director-General who serves as the Chief Administrative Officer (CEO) of FAO. There are several committees governing matters such as programs, finance, agriculture, and fisheries.