The Full form of CVA is Cerebrovascular Accident. CVA is the medical term for a stroke. A stroke happens when blood flow to a part of your brain is stopped either by a blockage or the rupture of a blood vessel. In Cerebrovascular Accident, blood supply to the brain is interrupted or reduced. As a result, the brain cells don’t get sufficient nutrients and oxygen and they start to die. CVA is a severe condition which is one of the leading causes of death in country like Australia. It usually affects one side of the brain. There are mainly two types of CVA: ischemic stroke and a hemorrhagic stroke. Ischemic Stroke is the most common type of stroke. It occurs when an artery is blocked due to a blood clot and the supply of oxygen and nutrients to a part of the brain gets interrupted. Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel ruptures, as a result of which the blood flow to a part of the brain is interrupted. There are many measures that may help prevent a stroke, some of which are: limit saturated fat intake, maintain normal body weight and blood pressure, quit smoking, avoid or drink alcohol in moderation, increase intake of fruits and vegetables and control diabetes.