Complete Blood Count


The Full form of CBC is Complete Blood Count. CBC refers to a common blood test that is performed to diagnose different medical conditions such as infection, anemia, dengue, malaria, etc. In this test, a trained person like a lab technician or paramedic usually takes blood from a vein that is visible from the skin, e.g. a vein on the inner angle of the elbow or on the back of the hand. CBC measures and analyzes the all major components of the blood like red blood cells, white blood cells, hemoglobin, platelets etc. It shows the decrease or increase in the count of blood cell components. Typically, a CBC provides the information like Red Blood Cells count (RBCs or Erythrocyte count), White Blood Cell count (WBCs or Leukocyte count), WBC differential count, Platelet count, Hemoglobin (Hbg), Hematocrit (Hct), Mean Platelet Volume (MPV), Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and Red cell distribution width (RDW). CBC helps detect various disorders, some of which are: Infections, Inflammation, Cancer, Leukemia, Thalassemia, Anemia, Dehydration, Vitamin and mineral deficiencies, Bone marrow failure, Dengue, Malaria etc.