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UPSC Syllabus for IAS Preliminary & Mains- Law exam 2018
Civil Service Exam Syllabus (Preliminary & Mains) – Law
Civil Service Exam Syllabus (Preliminary) – Law
- Nature and concept of law.
- Schools of Jurisprudence : Analytical, Historical, Philosophical, Sociological & Natural.
- Administration of Justice : Theories of punishment.
- Sources of Law : Custom, Precedent and Legislation.
- A few basic Legal concepts:
- Rights and Duties.
- Legal Personality.
- Ownership and Possession.
II Constitutional Law of India
- Salient features of the Indian Constitution.
- Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties.
- Constitutional position and powers of President and Governors.
- Supreme Court and High Courts: Jurisdiction, powers, appointment and transfer of Judges.
- Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions: Powers and functions.
- Distribution of Legislative and Administrative Powers between the Union and the States.
- Emergency Provisions.
- Amendment of the Consstitution.
III International Law :
- Nature and definition of International Law.
- Sources: Treaty, Custom, General Principles of Law recognised by civilised nations and subsidiary means of determination of law.
- State Recognition and State Succession.
- The United Nations, its objective, purpose and principal organs; Constitution, role and jurisdiction of International Court of Justice.
- Protection of Human Rights:
- Provisions in the UN Charter.
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.
- International Convenant of Civil and Political Rights, 1966.
- International Convenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966.
IV Torts :
- Nature and Defination of Tort.
- Liability based on fault and strict liability.
- Vicarious Liability including State Liability.
- Joint Tort feasors.
- False imprisonment.
10. Malicious Prosecution.
V Criminal Law :
- General Principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus.
- Preparation and criminal attempts
- General Exceptions.
- Joint and constructive liability.
- Criminal Conspiracy.
- Murder and culpable homicide.
- Theft, extortion, robbery and dacoity.
10. Misappropriation and Criminal Breach of Trust.
VI Law of Contract :
- Definition of contract.
- Basic elements of contract: Offer, acceptance, consideration, contracutal capacity.
- Factors vitiating consent.
- Void, Voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
- Wagering agreements.
- Contingent contracts.
- Performance of contracts.
- Dissolution of contractual obligations: frustration contracts.
10. Remedies for breach of contract.
Civil Service Exam Syllabus for IAS Main Exam – Law – Paper – I & II
Constitutional and Administrative Law
- Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.
- Fundamental rights – Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority.
- Relationship between fundamental rights, directive principles and fundamental duties.
- Constitutional position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.
- Governor and his powers.
- Supreme Court and High Courts:
- Appointments and transfer.
- Powers, functions and jurisdiction.
- Centre, States and local bodies:
- Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States.
- Local bodies.
- Administrative relationship among Union, State and Local Bodies.
- Eminent domain – State property – common property – community property.
- Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.
- Services under the Union and the States:
- Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative tribunals.
- Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions – Power and functions
- Election Commission – Power and functions.
- Emergency provisions.
- Amendment of the Constitution.
- Principles of natural justice – Emerging trends and judicial approach.
- Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.
- Separation of powers and constitutional governance.
- Judicial review of administrative action.
- Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.
- Nature and definition of international law.
- Relationship between international law and municipal law.
- State recognition and state succession.
- Law of the sea: Inland waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas.
- Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human rights and procedures available for their enforcement.
- Territorial jurisdiction of States, extradition and asylum.
- Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.
- United Nations: Its principal organs, powers, functions and reform.
- Peaceful settlement of disputes – different modes.
- Lawful recourse to force: aggression, self-defence, intervention.
- Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law – International conventions and contemporary developments.
- Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear – non proliferation treaty, CTBT.
- International terrorism, state sponsored terrorism, hijacking, international criminal court.
- New international economic order and monetary law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
- Protection and improvement of the human environment: International efforts.
Civil Service Exam Syllabus for IAS Main Exam – Law – Paper – I
Law of Crimes
- General principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus, mens rea in statutory offences.
- Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.
- Preparation and criminal attempt.
- General exceptions.
- Joint and constructive liability.
- Criminal conspiracy.
- Offences against the State.
- Offences against public tranquility.
- Offences against human body.
- Offences against property.
- Offences against women.
- Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
- Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.
- Plea bargaining.
Law of Torts
- Nature and definition.
- Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
- Vicarious liability including State liability.
- General defences.
- Joint tort feasors.
- False imprisonment.
- Malicious prosecution.
- Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law
- Nature and formation of contract/E-contract.
- Factors vitiating free consent.
- Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
- Performance and discharge of contracts.
- Quasi- Contracts.
- Consequences of breach of contract.
- Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
- Contract of agency.
- Sale of goods and hire purchase.
- Formation and dissolution of partnership.
- Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
- Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
- Standard form contracts.
Contemporary Legal Developments
- Public Interest Litigation.
- Intellectual property rights – Concept, types/prospects.
- Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws – Concept, purpose/prospects.
- Competition Law- Concept, purpose/ prospects.
- Alternate Dispute Resolution – Concept, types/prospects.
- Major statutes concerning environmental law.
- Right to Information Act.
- Trial by media.
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