The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established on 24 October 1945 to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict. The UN Headquarters is situated in Manhattan, New York City and main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna.


Specialized Agencies of United Nations

Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the UN and each other through the coordinating machinery of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level. These are autonomous organizations working with the UN and each other through the coordinating machinery of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level.

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Some of the organizations are mentioned below:

ICAO – International Civil Aviation Organization
Secretary General  – Raymon Benjamin
Head Quarters –   Montreal, Canada

ILO – International Labour Organization
Director- General – Guy Ryder
Head Quarters – Geneva, Switzerland

UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Director- General – Irina Bokova
Head Quarters – Paris, France

UNIDO – United Nations Industrial Development Organization
Director- General – Li Yong
Head Quarters – Vienna, Austria

FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization
Director- General – José Graziano da Silva
Head Quarters – Palazzo FAO, Rome

WBG – World Bank Group
President – Jim Yong Kim
Head Quarters – Washington, D.C.

WHO – World Health Organization
Director- General – Jim Yong Kim
Head Quarters – Geneva, Switzerland

IDA – International Development Association
President – Jim Yong Kim
Head Quarters – Washington, D.C

UNWTO – World Tourism Organization
Secretary-General – Taleb Rifai
Head Quarters –  Madrid, Spain

IAEA – International Atomic Energy Agency
Secretary-General – Yukiya Amano
Head Quarters – Vienna, Austria

IBRD – International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
President – Jim Yong Kim
Head Quarters – Washington, D.C.

WTO – World Trade Organization
Director-General – Roberto Azevêdo
Head Quarters-  Geneva, Switzerland