MCQs for Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 2 “Forest and Wildlife Resources”


CBSE Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 2 “Forest and Wildlife Resources” Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with Answers

Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 2 – Forest and Wildlife Resources. Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference.


Q1. Which animals in India are on the verge of extinction?

A. Kangaroo
B. cheetah, pink-headed duck
C. Jaguar
D. Mountain bear


Q2. How much land is the forest and tree cover in the country estimated to be?

A. 79.42 million hectares
B. 80 million hectare
C. 78.2 million hectares
D. 8. 42 million hectares


Q3. Which one of these is a vulnerable species?

A. Asiatic Buffalo
B. Desert fox
C. Gangetic dolphin
D. Nicobar pigeon


Q4. What are rare species?

A. These are species whose population has declined to levels
B. Species with small population
C. species which are only found in some particular areas usually isolated by natural or geographical barriers.
D. Species with small population

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Q5. Which of the given below is a rare species?

A. Blue sheep
B. Andaman wild pig
C. Asiatic buffalo
D. pink head duck


Q6. Which of the given below are endemic species?

A. Asiatic elephant, Gangetic dolphin
B Asiatic buffalo, desert fox
C. Nicobar pigeon, Andaman wild pig,
D. Asiatic cheetah, pink head duck.


Q7. What are Endemic species?

A. Species with small population
B. species which are only found in some particular areas usually isolated by natural or geographical barriers
C. These are species whose population has declined to levels
D. These are species which are not found after searches


Q8. What type of species is the mithun in Arunachal Pradesh?

A. Rare
B. Endemic
C. Vulnerable
D. Extinct


Q9. What resources can be found from the forest and wildlife resources?

A. wood, barks, leaves, rubber, medicines
B. minerals
C. Rocks and minerals
D. Metals

Important Questions and Answers


Q10. The greatest damage inflicted on Indian forests was during the colonial period due to…..

A. expansion of the railways, agriculture
B. Trade
C. Industry
D. Taking complete control over the Indian forests


Q11. What are the main reasons for depletion of forests?

A. Large-scale development projects
B. agriculture
C. Trade
D. Colonial rule


Q12. A chemical compound called ‘taxol’ is extracted from ………………..which is the drug that is now the biggest selling anti-cancer drug.

A. Bark of the Himalyan yew
B. Trees of the Nilgiri hills
C. Plants from the Brahmaputra area
D. Leaves of the Himalayan Yew

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Q13. Which factors have led to the decline in India’s biodiversity?

A. Habitat destruction, hunting, poaching, over-exploitation, environmental pollution, poisoning and forest fires
B. Mining
C. Industry
D. Large scale projects


Q14………………………. in third world countries is often cited as the cause of environmental degradation.

A. Developmental projects
B. Rural urban development
C. Overpopulation
D. Exploitation of resources


Q15. The biological loss is strongly correlated with the loss of……………….

A. Agricultural production
B. Industrial production
C. Cultural diversity
D. Loss of resources


Q16. How are women affected due to depletion of wildlife and forests?

A. Due to exploitation of women
B. Attacked by wild animals
C. drudgery of women increases and sometimes they have to walk for more than 10 km to collect these resources
D. They get looted on the way


Q17. What was the direct outcome of environmental destruction on the people?

A. Lack of food
B. Lack of fuel
C. Unemployment
D. Poverty


Q18. Why do we need to conserve our forests and wildlife?

A. to preserve the ecological diversity and our life support systems – water, air and soil.
B. To maintain resources for industry
C. To create employment
D. To increase agricultural production

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Q19. Fisheries are heavily dependent on the maintenance of …………….

A. Artificial ponds
B. Mating and reproduction
C. aquatic biodiversity.
D. ecological diversity


Q20. In which year was the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act implemented?

A. 1972
B. 1975
C. 1980
D. 1965


Q21. What was the plan of this act?

A. protecting the remaining population of certain endangered species by banning hunting,
B. To conserve forests
C. To breed animals
D. Employment for jungle habitants


Q22. Which particular animal came under the threatened list?

A. the tiger
B. leopard
C. Black buck
D. Peacock


Q23.Which type of crocodiles came under the threatened list?

A. freshwater crocodile
B. Common crocodile
C. Mushy water crocodile
D. Damp Water crocodile


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Q24. Which animals have been given full or partial legal protection against hunting and trade throughout India?

A. Peacock
B. Partridge
C. lion
D. Asiatic lion


Q25. What was the reason for the extinction of Tigers?

A. trade of tiger skins and the use of their bones in traditional medicines
B. Hunting for fun
C. Killing by the locals for protection from attacks
D. Poisoning them


Q26. Which animal has been threatened to extinction because of poaching for trade, shrinking habitat, depletion of prey base species?

A. Asiactic Lion
B. Tiger
C. Kashmir stag
D. Gharial


Q27. When was “Project Tiger” launched?

A. 1975
B. 1972
C. 1973
D. 1977


Q28.Which insects under notification of Wildlife Act of 1980 and 1986?

A. grasshopper
B. Butterflies
C. Bees
D. wasps


Q29. What are reserved forests?

A. most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources are concerned
B. forest land are protected from any further depletion.
C. forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities
D. Forest land reserved for wood resources


Q30. What type of forest lands are protected from any further depletion.

A. Reserved forests
B. Unclassed forests
C. Protected forests
D. National parks


Q31. What are unclassed forests?

A. Forest land reserved for wood resources
B. forest land are protected from any further depletion.
C. most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources are concerned
D. forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities


Q32. Which forests are also referred to as permanent forest estates maintained for the purpose of producing timber and other forest produce, and for protective reasons?

A. Reserved forests
B. Unclassed forests
C. Tropical forests
D. National parks


Q33. Which state in India has the largest area under permanent forests?

A. Jammu & kashmir
B. Madhya Pradesh
C. Tamil Nadu
D. West Bengal


Q34. How much is the total forest area of Madhya Pradesh under permanent forests?

A. 65%
B. 75%
C. 70%
D. 85%


Q35. Name two states that have a bulk of it under protected forests?

A. Madhya Pradesh
B. Himachal pradesh
C. Maharashtra
D. Tamil Nadu


Q36. Which state has large areas under unclassed forests?

A. Gujarat
B. Andhra Pradesh
C. Odisha
D. Haryana


Q37. Beliefs such as nature worship by the tribals have preserved several virgin forests in pristine form called …………Sacred Groves

A. Sacred Groves
B. Home Groves
C. Holy Forests
D. Heaven in Forest


Q38. How are the sacred groves treated?

A. Only the villagers can use them
B. patches of forest or parts of large forests have been left untouched by the local people and any interference with them is banned
C. They are under government control
D. Local communities take care of them


Q39. Tribals of Odisha and Bihar worship the ……………trees during weddings.

A. Tamarind
B. Eucalyptus
C. Banyan
D. Peepal


Q40. ………. are often ascribed to springs, mountain peaks, plants and animals which are closely protected.

A. Pure qualities
B. Medicinal qualities
C. Impure qualities
D. Sacred qualities


Q41.Which movement in the Himalayas has successfully resisted deforestation?

A. The Himalyan movement
B. Chipko movement
C. Save Forests movement
D. Save trees Movement


Q42. Which Farmers and citizen’s groups have worked towards diversified crop production without the use of synthetic chemicals?

A. Chipko
B. Beej Bachao Andolan
C. Kissan andolan
D. Kissan seva


Q43. What does joint forest management (JFM) furnish?

A. diversified crop production
B. No use of pesticides
C. involving local communities in the management and restoration of degraded forests.
D. Large scale production


Q44. When did JFM come into existence?

A. 1987
B. 1988
C. 1976
D. 177


Q45.Which state passed the first resolution for joint forest management?

A. Madhya Pradesh
B. Karnataka
C. Himachal Pradesh
D. Odisha


Q46. JFM depends on the formation of…………………………. that undertake protection activities mostly on degraded forest land managed by the forest department

A. State managed institutions
B. District level institutions
C. local (village) institutions
D. National bodies


Q47. What benefits are the members of these communities entitled to by the JFM?

A. benefits like in all forest products
B. share in the timber harvested by ‘successful protection’.
C. Share in the financial output
D. Share in the different plants and crops


Q48. Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna?

A. Agricultural expansion.
B Large scale developmental projects.
C. Grazing and fuel wood collection.
D. Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation.


Q49. Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?

A. Joint forest management
B. Chipko Movement
C. Beej Bachao Andolan
D. Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries


Q50. Under which category of species does the Andaman wild pig come?

A. Extinct
B. Rare
C. Vulnerable
D. Endemic

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Answer key for Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 2 – Forest and Wildlife Resources MCQs

Q. No.AnswerQ. No.AnswerQ. No.Answer


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