Geology Career Scope, Eligibility and Job Prospects

career scope in geology

Geology Career Scope

If you do not mind being a part of a wide range of earth related issues– which would include environmental protection, resource management, mineral and oil exploration and many other to the like of the same; then maybe Geology is the career choice you would want to make.

Someone who studies Geology will have the liberty to discuss and predict the manmade and natural disasters which are caused. A geologist has an important role to play when it comes to discussing and planning the future of our valuable mineral resources. In India, the UPSC conducts tests for placements in Central Government Agencies like the Geological Survey of India and the Central Ground water Board. One can also think of joining the Para-military forces as they are in constant need of Geologists. Experienced and well educated Geologists can also think of applying to the top positions in the government, industry and education sector.


Geology – Eligibility and courses

The basic criterion for applying to a Bachelor’s degree in Geology is qualifying Class XII examination or equivalent with Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry. The duration for bachelors is three years and four if you apply for Honors.

The basic criterion for applying to a Master’s degree in Geology is passing the graduation degree with the required subject with a minimum of 50 per cent marks. The duration for masters is two years.
In order to apply for a Ph.D in Geology the candidate must score a minimum of 55 per cent marks in their Master’s degree.


Courses of Geology:

  • B.Sc. Applied Geology
  • B.Sc. Geology
  • B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology
  • M.Sc. Applied Geology (Tech.)
  • M.Sc. Petroleum Geology
  • M.Sc. Petroleum Geosciences
  • M.Sc. Geology
  • M.Sc. Geology (Hons)
  • M.Sc. Geology (Tech)
  • M.Sc. Agrometeorology
  • M.Sc. Applied Geology
  • M.Sc. Geology and Applied Chemistry
  • M.Sc. Marine Geology
  • M.Tech. Applied Geology
  • M.Tech. Geoexploration
  • M.Tech. Petroleum Geoscience
  • Ph.D. Geology


Specializations available in Geology:

  • Planetology
  • Hydrogeology
  • Sedimentology
  • Remote Sensing
  • Economic Geology
  • Mineralogy
  • Geological Engineering
  • Petrology


Job Prospects

For a geologist to work in a country like ours, we have the option of working for the organizations like Central Ground Water Board and the Geological Survey of India, Coal India, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, Mineral Exploration Authority, Hindustan Zinc etc. Among others these are few which offer job opportunities for Geologist with good packages. Defense and other Para- military forces are recruiting Geologist for various purposes. Moreover, the scope of this field is widening because of the growing environmental concerns triggered by pollution and other related issues.

Unlike many other career moves, Geology is one such career which opens the door to a plethora of other opportunities. Students who study Geology can later on move on to the likes of courses such as Paleontology, Geophysics, Mining, Environmental Education, Petrology, etc and can with the course of time think of becoming Geographers, Oceanographers, Geologists, Meteorologists, Seismologist, Completions Technologist, Processing Geophysicist, Researchers and many other such options.

Pay Package

A person starting fresh in this field gets paid somewhere between Rs. 10,000 – 20,000 per month which is tend to increase with time and experience. Geologists who are working in government sectors like ONGC, IOC etc. get a salary of Rs 25,000 – 35,000 per month along with other benefits and facilities. Along with experience and knowledge in this field comes better paying jobs in this field and options of applying to some of the top positions in the government, education, research and other such departments.


Top colleges for Geology in India

  • North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon (Maharashtra)
  • Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati (Maharashtra)
  • Presidency University, Kolkata (West Bengal)
  • Hansraj College, New Delhi (Delhi)
  • St. Xaviers College, Mumbai (Maharashtra)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Bombay), Mumbai (Maharashtra)
  • Fergusson College, Pune (Maharashtra)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kharagpur), (West Bengal)
  • University of Pune, Pune (Maharashtra)
  • Presidency College, Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
  • Indian Institute of Technology, (IIT Roorkee) (Uttarakhand)
  • Government Arts College – Dharmapuri (Tamil Nadu)
  • National Institute of Technology (NITRR), Raipur (Chhattisgarh)
  • University of North Bengal, Darjeeling (West Bengal)