Biochemistry Career Scope, Eligibility and Job Prospects

carrer scope in biochemistry

Biochemistry is a branch of science which deals with the chemistry of living organisms and that of their biological processes. A career in Biochemistry will involve the person’s ability to comprehend the chemical combinations and reactions that will take place because of the biological processes such as growth, reproduction, metabolism, heredity, etc. One arena of the science will also look into the effect that the organism has on its environment.

People who are in the field of Biochemistry are often referred to as Biochemists. It is their job to study the structures and functions of enzymes, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, the process of metabolism and the molecular basis of the action of genes also form a part of biochemistry. Today the field is gaining momentum and importance because of its ability to make significant contributions towards illumination and grasping of the DNA Structure.

Mostly biochemists are involved in research related works. Biochemists can choose from a variety of specializations and almost all the specializations require good research techniques and the ability to combine and analyze information.


How to become a biochemist

In order to pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Biochemistry, student must have passed higher secondary education or 10+2 with biology and math as subjects with a minimum of 50 per cent marks. The duration of bachelors is mostly three years.
For admission to a Master’s degree in Biochemistry, the student must have a bachelor’s from the relevant field from a recognized university/college. The duration of the masters is mostly two years.

Courses under Biochemistry

  • Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry
  • Master of Science in Biochemistry
  • M.Phil in Biochemistry
  • Ph.D in Biochemistry

Specializations in Biochemistry

  • Molecular biology
  • Genetics
  • Energy and metabolism
  • Bioinformatics
  • Cell biology and signaling
  • Development and disease
  • Plant biology

Biochemistry jobs in India

With the world evolving day in and day out, there is an intense need to understand the organisms evolving with it and also the role these organisms have on the environment. A biochemist can think of working with fields in medical, agriculture, public health care, forensic environment etc. Because of the nature of work there is a tremendous scope of research.
One can think of working with both public and private sectors. Bsc biochemistry can secure you a basic job nowadays, though you need a MSc for most jobs and a PhD for some. There is a lot of competition in the market nowadays. Companies like Medical Instrument companies, Biotechnology, Food and Drink industries, Research Companies and Laboratories, Sales and Marketing Firms, Chemical manufacturing companies, Health and Beauty Care, etc. are always in constant need of people to come work with them.
Also some companies in the public sector are good employers or biochemists; Drug Manufacturing Companies, Public Health Entities, Blood Service, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer research institutes, Research Departments, Educational Institutes, Environmental Pollution Control, Agriculture and fisheries, Forensic Science, Hospitals, Public Health Laboratories, Cosmetic Industries, etc.
There is also another field where there is always need for experts in the field of Biochemistry which is the quality control and safety section. Almost all companies in the field of food, pharmaceuticals, health and beauty care, etc required safety checks, regulations and quality control.

Some job profiles in the field of Biochemistry, especially after an Msc :

  • Biotechnologist
  • Research Scientist
  • Clinical Scientist
  • Research Associates
  • Chemist
  • Microbiologist
  • Biomedical Scientist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Laboratory Technician


  • Biochemistry jobs in India are lucrative and easy to come by. Biochemistry job salaries are good. Initially expect somewhere around Rs 20,000 to 25,000. With more practice and knowledge will come more productive pay packages. Those who are not willing to opt for research can think of a career in the teaching field after having a degree in Ph.D in biochemistry.

Some colleges for Biochemistry in India

  • A J Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalore
  • BLDE University Shri B M Patil Medical College, Bijapur
  • Dr. BR Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore
  • Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore
  • GCS Medical College, Ahmedabad
  • Institute of Medical Sciences and Sum Hospital, Bhubaneswar
  • J J M Medical College, Davangere
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum
  • JSS Medical College, Mysore
  • K S Hegde Medical College, Mangalore

Top Ten Biotech Companies of India

  • Biocon
    Serum Institute of India
    Panacea Biotech Ltd
    Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd
    GlaxoSmithkline Pharmaceuticals Ltd
    Bharat Serums and vaccines ltd
    Indian Immunologicals Ltd
    Shanta Biotechnics Ltd