CBSE Class 10 Geography Important Questions for Chapter 4 Agriculture



NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Important Questions

Here are the important questions for CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture.  The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 10 Geography important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers.

 

 

List of Important Question for CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture

Q1- Agriculture has been the backbone of the Indian Economy’ Explain the statement by giving a reason.
OR
Why is India called an agriculturally important country? Write four supportive arguments.

Q2. Give an example of a crop which is commercial in one region and provides subsistence in another.

Q 3. Name one type of agriculture which falls in the category of commercial agriculture. Write the main characteristics of this type of agriculture.

Q 4. Name two important wheat-growing zones in India.

Q 5. Mention two geographical conditions required for the growth of Maize crop in India. Describe three factors which have contributed to increasing maize production. Write four major maize producing states.

Q 6. What is India’s position in the world with regard to the production of pulses? Name five leading states producing pulses.

Q7. What factors does primitive subsistence farming depend on?

 

Q8. Name one horticultural plantation crop and two beverage plantation crops.

Q9. What is India’s position in the world regarding sugarcane production? Write the geographical conditions required for its growth

Q 10. What is “Sericulture”?

Q 11. What are ‘Institutional Reforms’?  Enlist various institutional reforms taken by the Indian Government to bring about improvements in agriculture.

Q12. Define each of the following:
(a)  Green Revolution
(b)  White Revolution
(c)  Yellow Revolution
(d)  Blue Revolution
(e)  Gene Revolution

 

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Solutions

Q1- Agriculture has been the backbone of the Indian Economy’ Explain the statement by giving a reason.
OR
Why is India called an agriculturally important country? Write four supportive arguments.
Answer – India is said to be an agricultural country on account of the following reasons:

  1. Two-third of its population is engaged in agricultural activities.
  2. Agriculture is a primary activity and produces most of the food and food grain that we consume.
  3. It produces raw materials for our various industries, e.g., cotton textile and sugar industry.
  4. Some agricultural products, like tea, coffee and spices, are exported and earn foreign exchange.
  5. The share of agriculture in providing employment and livelihood is high.

 

Q2. Give an example of a crop which is commercial in one region and provides subsistence in another.

Answer – Rice is a commercial crop in Haryana and Punjab, while in Odisha it is a subsistence crop.

 

Q 3. Name one type of agriculture which falls in the category of commercial agriculture. Write the main characteristics of this type of agriculture.

Answer – Plantation agriculture is a type of commercial farming. Its characteristics include –
A single type of crop is grown on a large area.

  1. Plantation is carried out on large estates using lot of capital-intensive units.
  2. Lot of migrant labourers work on these estates.
  3. The plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry. All the produce is used as raw material in the respective industries.
  4. The production is mainly for commercial agriculture.
  5. Well developed transport and communication plays an important role in the development of plantations.

 

Q 4. Name two important wheat growing zones in India.

Answer – Two important wheat growing zones in India are:
1. The Ganga-Sutlej plains in the North-West and
2. Black soil region of the Deccan.
The major wheat producing states are – Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.

 

Important Questions and Answers

 

Q 5. Mention two geographical conditions required for the growth of Maize crop in India. Describe three factors which have contributed to increase maize production. Write four major maize producing states.

Answer – Geographical conditions required for the growth of maize crop in India are:
1. Temperature – It is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21° C to 27° C.
2. Rainfall – It requires moderate rainfall between 50-100 cm.
3. Soil – It grows well in old alluvial soils.
Maize is a crop which is used both as food and fodder. Maize production in India has increased due to factors like:

  1. use of modern inputs such as HYV seeds;
  2. use of fertilizers; and
  3. use of irrigation facilities.

Major maize producing state- Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

 

Q 6. What is India’s position in the world with regard to the production of pulses? Name five leading states producing pulses.

Answer – India is the largest producer of pulses in the world.
Major pulse producing states are – Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
Pulses are a leguminous crop.

 

Q7. What factors does primitive subsistence farming depend on?

Answer – Factors on which primitive subsistence farming depends are:

  1. Occurrence of Monsoons
  2. Natural fertility of the soil
  3. Suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown
  4. Labour.

 

Q8. Name one horticultural plantation crop and two beverage plantation crops.

Answer – Horticultural plantation crop is Apples, mainly grown in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.
Beverage Crops:

  1. Tea which is mainly a plantation crop in Assam, Darjeeling etc.
  2. Coffee which is grown in Karnataka.

 

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Q9. What is India’s position in the world regarding sugarcane production? Write the geographical conditions required for its growth

Answer – India is the second largest producer of sugarcane after Brazil.
Geographical Conditions:

  1. It is a tropical as well as subtropical crop.
  2. It grows well in hot & humid climate.
  3. Temperature: 21°C to 27°C.
  4. Annual rainfall between 75 cm & 100 cms.
  5. It can be grown on a variety of soils.
  6. It requires manual labour from sowing to harvesting.

Six Major States Producing Sugarcane Are: Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab and Haryana.

 

Q 10. What is “Sericulture”?

Answer – Rearing of silkworms to produce silk fibre is known as Sericulture.
Silk is obtained from the cocoons of silkworms fed on mulberry leaves.

 

Q 11. What are ‘Institutional Reforms’?  Enlist various institutional reforms taken by the Indian Government to bring about improvements in agriculture.

Answer – Steps taken by the government to bring about improvements in agriculture are termed as ‘Institutional Reforms’.
Some steps are:

  1. Collectivization and consolidation of land holdings to make them economically viable.
  2. The Green Revolution based on the use of package technology and the White Revolution to increase milk production are important strategies which were initiated to improve agriculture.
  3. Cooperation with farmers and Abolition of Zamindari system.
  4. Provision of crop insurance to protect the farmers against losses caused by natural calamities.
  5. Establishment of ‘Grameen Banks’, Cooperative Societies and Banks for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interest.
  6. Kissan Credit Card (KCC), Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) are some other schemes introduced by the government for the benefit of farmers.
  7. Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers were introduced on the Radio and TV.
  8. Announcement of minimum support price, remunerative and procurement prices for crops to check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middlemen and removing the elements of uncertainty

 

Q12. Define each of the following:
(a)  Green Revolution
(b)  White Revolution
(c)  Yellow Revolution
(d)  Blue Revolution
(e)  Gene Revolution.

Answer –
(a) Green Revolution – Agricultural Revolution which resulted in increased production of foodgrain because of the use of HYV (High Yielding Varieties) seeds, fertilizers, proper irrigation and other modern inputs.
(b) White Revolution – Revolutionary increase in the production of milk which was spearheaded by Operation Flood.
(c) Yellow Revolution – Increase in the output of oilseeds is termed as Yellow Revolution.
(d) Blue Revolution refers to increased output of fish and fish products.
(e) Gene Revolution refers to the development of genetically modified seeds for increasing agricultural production. These seeds are environmentally sustainable.

 

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