NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Political Parties Important Questions
Here are the important questions of 3, 4 and 5 Markers for CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Political Parties. The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 10 Political Science important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers. Take Free Online MCQ Test for Class 10
List of Important Question for CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Political Parties
Q1. What is meant by a political party? (2015 D, 2015 OD)
Q2. Given one point of difference between a pressure group and a political party. (2013 OD)
Q 3. Name the national political party which gets inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values. Mention four features of that party. (2013 D)
Q4. Describe the three components of a political party. (2014 D, 2015 OD)
Q5. “Lack of internal democracy within parties is the major challenge to political parties all over the world”. Analyse the statement. (2015 D)
Q 6. What is meant by a ‘national political party’? State the conditions required to be a national political party. (2016 D)
Q 7. Explain any five suggestions to reform political parties in India. (2011 D)
See Video of Political Parties Important Questions
Suggest and explain any five effective measures to reform political parties. (2016 OD, 2015 OD)
Q 8. Why do we need Political Parties? Explain. (2014 D)
Describe any five major functions performed by political parties. (2015 D)
Q 9. “All over the world, people express their dissatisfaction with the failure of political parties to perform their functions well.” Analyse the statement with arguments. (2016 D)
Which three challenges do you feel are being faced by political parties in India? Give your opinion. (2016 OD)
Identify and explain challenges which political parties need to face and over come in order to remain affective instruments of democracy. (2016 OD)
Q10. “Nearly every one of the state parties wants to get an opportunity to be a part of one or the other national level coalition.” Support the statement with arguments. (2016 D)
Q11. Write a brief about Election Commission of India.
Important Topics for Political Parties
1. What are Political Parties
2. Different Party Systems in India
3. National and Regional Parties
4. Names of National Parties
5. Election Commission of India
6. Challenges faced by Political Parties
7. Reforms required and suggestions made
Q1. What is meant by a political party?
Answer – Political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and to hold power in the government. These parties differ in their ideals and policies. They however agree on some policies to promote collective good. They also seek to implement those policies by winning popular support through elections. Thus, political parties tend to fill political offices and exercise political power.
It is through Political Parties that voice of people is represented.
Q 2. Given one point of difference between a pressure group and a political party.
Answer – A pressure group is an organized or unorganized body that seeks to promote its interests while a political party is a body that seeks to attain political power by contesting elections.
Example of pressure group includes – trade unions; business and farming associations; churches; ethnic associations; pensioner groups etc.
Ex of Political Party – BJP, Congress etc.
Q 3. Name the national political party which gets inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values. Mention four features of that party.
Answer – Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) was founded in 1980. It draws inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values.
- Cultural Nationalism (Hindutva) is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics.
- It wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India.
- A uniform civil code for all people living in the country irrespective of religion and ban on religious conversions is another desire.
- Earlier limited to north and west and to urban areas, the party expanded support in the south, east, the north-east and rural areas.
Q 4. Describe the three components of a political party.
Answer – Components of a Political Party are:
1. The Leaders – These are recruited and trained by parties. They are made ministers to run the government.
2. Active Members – Parties have lakhs of members and activists spread over the country. Many of the pressure groups are the extensions of political parties. Since most of the members belong to a party, they go by the direction of the party leadership.
3. The Followers – These are ordinary citizens, who believe in the policies of their respective party and give popular support through elections.
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Q 5. “Lack of internal democracy within parties is the major challenge to political parties all over the world”. Analyse the statement.
Answer – Political Parties are plagued with many shortcomings such as –
Lack of Information – Most political parties do not practice open and transparent procedures for their functioning. Maintaining membership registers, holding organizational meetings or conducting internal elections regularly has not been kept up with. Thus, ordinary members of the party do not get sufficient information and have no means to influence the decisions.
Dynastic Succession – There are very few chances for an ordinary worker to rise to the top in a party. Leaders favour people close to them or even their family members. And, in many parties, the top positions are invariably controlled by members of one family which is bad for democracy.
Undue Influence – Those who happen to be the leaders, take undue advantage and. Since one or, at the most, a few leaders exercise paramount power in the party, those who disagree with the leadership, find it difficult to continue in the party.
Q 6. What is meant by a ‘national political party’? State the conditions required to be a national political party.
Answer – National political parties have their units in various states. They enjoy national recognition and are granted special privileges. By and large, all these units follow the same policies, programmes and strategy that is decided at the national level.
Conditions required to be a National Political Party:
1. A party that secures at least 6% of the total votes in general elections of Lok Sabha or assembly elections in four states.
2. A party that wins at least 4 seats in the Lok Sabha.
Important Videos Links
Names of all National Parties in India.
Q 7. Explain any five suggestions to reform political parties in India.
Suggest and explain any five effective measures to reform political parties.
Five suggestions made to reform the Political Parties:
1. Law to regulate the internal affairs of political parties like maintaining a register of its members, to follow its own constitution, to have independent authority, to act as judge in case of party dispute, to hold open elections to the highest post.
2. It should be mandatory for political parties to give one-third tickets to women candidates. They should also be involved in decision making.
3. There should be state funding of elections. The government should give money to parties to support their election expenses in kind (petrol, paper, telephone, etc.) or in cash based on votes secured by the party in the previous election.
4. The candidate should be educated, so that he can solve and understand people’s problems. His previous record should be cleared. He should be honest and there should be no criminal case against him.
5. Citizens can reform politics if they take part directly and join political parties. This is Citizens Participation. People can put pressure on political parties through petitions, publicity in media, agitations etc.
Q 8. Why do we need Political Parties? Explain.
Describe any five major functions performed by political parties.
Answer – To fill political offices and exercise political power, political parties exercise the following functions-
1. Parties contest elections. Elections are fought mainly among candidates put up by political parties.
2. Parties put forward different policies and programmes.
3. Parties make laws for a country. Laws are debated and passed in the legislature.
4. Parties that lose elections play the role of the opposition. Opposition parties voice their views by criticizing government for its failure or wrong policies.
5. Parties help shape public opinion. They raise and highlight issues and resolve people’s problems.
6. Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes.
Q9. “All over the world, people express their dissatisfaction with the failure of political parties to perform their functions well.” Analyse the statement with arguments.
Which three challenges do you feel are being faced by political parties in India? Give your opinion.
Identify and explain challenges which political parties need to face and overcome in order to remain affective instruments of democracy.
Answer – Since parties are the most visible face in a democracy, people blame them for whatever is wrong with the working of democracy. There are four major areas where the working of political parties faces challenge –
- Dynastic Succession
- Lack of Internal Democracy
- Money and Muscle Power
- No meaningful Choice
Q10. “Nearly every one of the state parties wants to get an opportunity to be a part of one or the other national level coalition.” Support the statement with arguments.
Answer – The state parties also referred to as regional parties are not necessarily regional in ideology. Some of these parties are all India parties that happen to have succeeded only in some states. Over the last three decades, the number and strength of these parties has expanded. Before the general elections, one national party was able to secure on its own a majority in the Lok Sabha.
As a result, the national parties were compelled to form alliances with state parties. Since 1996, nearly every one of the state parties got an opportunity to be a part of one or the other national level coalition government. This contributed to the strengthening of federalism and democracy. Example of state parties having national level political organization with units in several states are Samajwadi Party (SP), Rastriya Janata Dal etc.
Q 11. Write a brief about the Election Commission of India.
1. The Election Commission of India (ECI) is an autonomous and permanent constitutional body responsible for organizing free and fair elections in the Union and States of India.
2. The Constitution grants the ECI with the power of direction, superintendence, and control of elections to Parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India and the office of vice-president of India.
3. The ECI does not deal with the elections to the urban bodies such as Municipalities and Panchayats in the states.
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