CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy Important 3,4 and 5 Marks Questions with Answers from Contemporary India Book
Lifelines of National Economy Important Question Answers – Here are the important questions for CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy. The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 10 Geography important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers.Take Free Online MCQ Test for Class 10
Q. 1. List any three merits of roadways.
Answer – Three merits of roadways include:
1. The construction cost of roads is much lower than that of railway lines.
2. Road transport is economical in the transportation of a few persons and a relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances.
3. Roads can traverse comparatively more dissected and undulating topography.
4. Roads offer door to door convenience unlike other modes of transport.
Q. 2. Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and its economy?
Answer – The means of transportation and communication are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy because they are the pre-requisites for fast development.
Today, India is well-linked with the rest of the world despite its vast size, diversity and linguistic and socio-cultural plurality.
Railways, airways, waterways, newspapers, radio, cinema, television and internet etc. have been contributing to its socio-economic progress in many ways.
Along with trade, these different means of transport & communication have enriched our life and added substantially to growing amenities and facilities for the comforts of life.
Q 3. What is international trade? Write a note on the changing nature of international trade in the last fifteen years.
Answer – Trade between countries is known as international trade. International trade has undergone a vast change in the last fifteen years. Exchange of goods and commodities have been superseded by the exchange of information and knowledge.
For Example: India has emerged as a software giant at the international level, and it is earning large foreign exchange through the export of information technology.
International trade also depends on the relationship between the countries and other external factors like duties and tariffs on the transportation of goods. In the last fifteen years, different trade blocks have emerged which have changed how international trade was conducted previously.
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Q 4. What is the significance of the border roads?
Answer – The significance of Border Roads is as mentioned below:
1. The Border Roads are vital road link along the frontiers of our country.
2. These roads are of strategic importance.
3. These roads have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain mainly in the northern and northeastern border areas.
4. They have played a major role in the economic development of these areas.
5. These roads are constructed and maintained by the Border Roads Organization (a government of India undertaking) which was established in 1960.
Q. 5. Why is air travel more popular in the northeastern states of India? Explain.
Answer – Air travel is more popular in the north-eastern states of India because of the following reasons:
1. Northeastern part of the country is marked with the presence of big rivers where other means of transport cannot be laid.
2. It is marked with dissected relief that makes it impossible to access the area through other means of transport other than air.
3. The entire area is covered with dense forest that resists land movement.
4. This area is often hit by frequent floods. Air travel is thus required.
5. It has a long international frontier that requires a quick response which is possible only through air transport.
Q 6. Efficient means of transport are pre-requisites for fast development.’ Express your views in favour of this statement.
Answer – Efficient means of transport are pre-requisites for fast development because:
The movement of goods and services from the supply location to demand locations necessitates the need for transport. It widens the market for goods.
It allows distant and remote areas to be linked with urban and developed, regions.
The development and improvement of transport have made the delivery of goods faster across long distances and thus reduced cost.
Immediate relief during the war, natural calamity, famine or flood can be easily accessed through efficient means of transport.
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Q 7. Why was Jawaharlal Nehru port developed?
Answer – Jawaharlal Nehru port is a subsidiary port mainly developed to decongest the port of Mumbai and serve as a hub port for this region.
Q 8. Explain three reasons for dense railway network in the North Indian plains.
Answer – North Indian Plains have a dense network of the railway because of the following reasons:
1. Vast level land that is topographically suitable for laying railway lines.
2. High population density makes it economical to operate.
3. Rich agricultural resources in the plains require a network of railways to sustain the economy.
Q 9. What is the major objective to develop Super-Highways?
Answer – The main objective to develop Super-Highways is to reduce the time and distance between the four megacities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata with the development of fast and uninterrupted traffic along six lanes between these cities.
Q 10. Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transportation?
Answer – 1. Railways can transport a larger number of goods and passengers over long distances at an economical cost. Hence, railways are the most convenient means of transport.
2. The flat terrain, dense population, rich agricultural resources and greater industrial activity have favoured the development of railways in this region.
3. The northern plains, therefore, have the densest railway network.
4. Railways have accelerated the development of industry and agriculture in this region by providing quick availability of raw materials and distributing the finished products to the markets.
5. However, in spite of the fact that railways is the most convenient means of transportation in northern plains, a large number of rivers requiring construction of bridges across their wide beds pose some obstacles.
Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy MCQs
Q 1. Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the east-west corridor?
a) Mumbai and Nagpur
b) Silcher and Porbandar
c) Mumbai and Kolkata
d) Nagpur and Siligudi
Ans: b. Silcher and Porbandar
Q 2. Which one of the following ports is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port along the east coast?
Ans:- d. Vishakapatnam.
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