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CBSE Class 10 Political Science Important Questions for Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy Important Questions

Here are the important questions of 3, 4 and 5 Marks for CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy.  The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 10 Political Science important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers. Take Free Online MCQ Test for Class 10

 

 

List of Important Question for CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy

1. What is ‘transparency’ in a democracy?

2. How do democratic governments ensure transparency? Explain any three points.

3. ‘Democracy is seen to be good in principle, but felt, to be not so good in practice.’ Justify the statement with suitable arguments.

4. “Democratic government a legitimate government?” Support the statement with arguments.

5. On the basis of which values will it be a fair expectation that democracy should produce a harmonious social life? Explain.

6. How can you say that democracies are based on political equality?

7. Under this system, rulers do not have to bother about majorities and/or public opinion and thus can be quick and efficient in decision-making. Options - Dictatorship or Democracy?

8. Explain the role of democratic governments in reducing economic disparities. OR
“Democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities”. Examine the statement with examples.

9. Analyze any three values that make democracy better.

10. In the context of democracies, which of the following idea is correct- Democracies have successfully eliminated:

  1. Economic inequalities among people
  2. The idea of political inequality
  3. Differences of opinion regarding the way marginalized sections must be treated
  4. Economic inequalities among people

11. In the context of assessing democracy which among the following is the odd one out- Democracies need to ensure:

  1. The dignity of the individual
  2. Free and Fair elections
  3. Majority Rule
  4. Equal treatment before the law

12. How are democratic governments better than the other forms of governments? Compare.

 

Important Topics for Outcomes of Democracy

1. Importance of Democracy
2. How do we assess its Outcomes
3. Outcomes - Political, Economic, Social
4. Democracy’s outcome on disadvantaged sections.

 

 

Solutions

Q1. What is ‘transparency’ in a democracy?

Answer - Transparency in a democracy is establishment of open procedures and creating an environment where information is easily available to the people. Democracy ensures that decision making will be based on norms and procedure. Every citizen has the right and means to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency.

Think!
Right to Information Act.

 

Video of Outcomes of Democracy Important Questions

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Q2. How do democratic governments ensure transparency? Explain any three points.

Answer - 1. Democracy ensures that decision-making will be based on norms and procedures. Democracy guarantees to the citizens the right and the means to examine the process of decision-making.
2. In a democracy people have the right to choose their rulers and people will have control over
them. Whenever possible and necessary, citizens should be able to participate in
decision-making that affects them all. It ensures of an accountable government.
3. The democratic government develops mechanisms for citizens-regular, free and fair elections, open public debate on major policies and legislations and citizens’ right to information about the government and its functioning.

 

Q3. ‘Democracy is seen to be good in principle, but felt, to be not so good in practice.’ Justify the statement with suitable arguments.

Answer - If we look at some of the democratic policies being implemented in more than one hundred countries of the world, democracy seems to be good. A democracy ensures:

  1. having a formal Constitution,
  2. holding regular elections,
  3. guaranteeing the citizens certain rights,
  4. working for people’s welfare etc.
  5. These make us advocate that democracy is good.

But if we look in terms of social situations, their economic achievements and varied cultures, we find a very big difference in most of the democracies. The vast economic disparities, social injustice based on discrimination, standard of life, sex discrimination, etc. create many doubts about the merits of democracy. Whenever some of our expectations are not met, we start blaming the idea of democracy.

Since democracy is a form of government, it can only create conditions for achieving our goals if they are reasonable. Hence, we must look at democracy as just a form of government and not blame it for practical shortcomings but rather aim at improving.

 

Important Questions and Answers

 

Q4. “Democratic government is legitimate government?” Support the statement with arguments.

Answer - Democratic government is said to be a legitimate government. It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive or clean, but a democratic government is peoples’ own government. That is why there is an overwhelming support for the idea of democracy all over the world. People here choose their own representatives and bring them to power.

They believe that democracy is suitable for their country as it is a legitimate government. Democracy’s ability to generate its own support is itself an outcome that cannot be ignored.

 

Q5. On the basis of which values will it be a fair expectation that democracy should produce a harmonious social life? Explain.

Answer - No society can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups. But we can certainly learn to respect these differences and evolve a mechanism to negotiate the differences.
Belgium is an example of how successfully differences were negotiated among ethnic groups. Therefore, democracy is best suited to accommodate various social divisions. But the example of Sri Lanka shows how distrust between two communities turned into widespread conflict.

Thus, a democracy must fulfil the following conditions and be based on these values in order to
achieve a harmonious social life-

  1. The majority needs to work with minority so that government may function to represent the general view.
  2. Rule by majority does not become rule by majority community in terms of religion or race or linguistic groups, etc.
  3. Democracy remains democracy so long as every citizen has a chance of being in majority at some point of time.
  4. No individual should be debarred from participating in a democracy based on religion, caste, community, creed and other such factors.

 

Q6. How can you say that democracies are based on political equality?

Answer - Democracies are based on political equality as individuals have equal weight in electing representatives.

 

Q7. Under this system, rulers do not have to bother about majorities and/or public opinion and thus can be quick and efficient in decision-making.
Options - Dictatorship or Democracy?

Answer - Dictatorship

 

Q8. Explain the role of democratic governments in reducing economic disparities.OR
“Democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities”. Examine the statement with examples.

Answer - Over the years, careful evidence has been gathered to see what the relationship of democracy with economic growth and economic inequalities is.
It is seen that on an average, dictatorial regimes have had a slightly better record of economic growth. There is enough evidence to show that within democracies, there can be very high degree of inequalities. In countries like South Africa and Brazil, the top 20 per cent people take away more than 60 per cent of the national income.
Perhaps more than development, it is reasonable to expect democracies to reduce economic disparities.
Democracies are based on political equality, but despite equality in the political arena there are growing economic inequalities.
The poor constitute a large proportion of our voters and no party would like to lose its votes. Yet democratically elected governments do not appear to be keen to tackle the problem of poverty.
Democracies are expected to produce good government, but there is no guarantee that they would also produce development. As evidence shows, the economic development depends on
several factors, such as country’s size, global situation, co-operation from other
Countries, economic priorities adopted by the country etc.
Hence, although democracies focus on collective good, they do not necessarily ensure economic equality.

 

Q9. Analyze any three values that make democracy better.

Answer - We feel that democracy is a better form of government than any other form of government because:

  1. Democracy promotes equality among citizens.
  2. It enhances individual dignity.
  3. It promotes dignity of women and strengthens the claims of the disadvantaged.
  4. It improves the quality of decision making through transparency.
  5. It provides for resolution of conflicts.
  6. Democracy allows room to correct mistakes.

 

Q10. In the context of democracies, which of the following idea is correct-
Democracies have successfully eliminated:

  1. Economic inequalities among people
  2. The idea of political inequality
  3. Differences of opinion regarding the way marginalized sections must be treated
  4. Economic inequalities among people

Answer - The idea of Political Inequality.

 

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Q11. In the context of assessing democracy which among the following is the odd one out-
Democracies need to ensure:

  1. The dignity of the individual
  2. Free and Fair elections
  3. Majority Rule
  4. Equal treatment before the law

Answer - The correct answer is - Majority Rule.

 

Q12. How are democratic governments better than the other forms of governments? Compare.

Answer - Democracy is a form of society as well as a social order.
It is always preferable and superior to any other form of
government because of the following reasons:

1. Democracy promotes equality among citizens through equal rights and freedom.

2. There is no discrimination based on religion, caste, colour, etc.

3. Democracy aims at equitable distribution of incomes and products among citizens.

4. Democracy enhances dignity of individuals.

5. It permits political equality for all its citizens. In democracy, there is absence of any domination and conflicts.

6. Democracy improves the quality of decision-making. It is based on deliberation and negotiations.

7. Democracy develops a competitive attitude. This reduces the possibility of social tensions becoming explosive or violent.

8. Democracy evolves negotiation mechanisms and respects differences.

9. Democracy represents the general view.

10. It produces a legitimate government.

 

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Class 10 SST