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CBSE Class 10 Political Science Important Questions for Chapter 2 Federalism

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism Important Questions

Here are the important questions of 3, 4 and 5 Markers for CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism. The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 10 Political Science important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers. Take Free Online MCQ Test for Class 10

 

List of Important Question for CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism (3,4, 5 Marks)

Q1. Name the subject list from which both the Union and the State governments can make laws?

Q2. The word “Federation” is used in Indian Constitution. True or False?

Q3. Explain the vertical division of power by giving examples from India.

Q4. List the division of subjects as provided for under the Indian Constitution.

Q5. Which five provisions of the constitutional amendment of 1992 really strengthened the third tier of democracy in India? Explain.

Q6. How is federal power sharing more effective today than in the early years? Explain.

Q7. Why has federalism succeeded in India? Which are the policies adopted by India that have ensured it? Explain.

Q8. Enumerate some important features of Federalism.

Q9. Mention the dual objectives of Federalism.

Q10. Describe in brief about the language policy of India.

Q11. How many Languages are added to the Eighth Schedule?

Q12. Brief about “Holding Together” type of Federation.

Q13. Name the government that has the power to legislate on ‘Residuary’ subjects in India

 

 

 

Important topics on Federalism

  1. Concept of Federalism
  2. Difference between Unitary and Federal Structure
  3. Different Kinds of Federation
  4. Key Features
  5. Subjects and Lists under Indian Constitution
  6. Special Features of Indian Federation
  7. Reflection of Federalism
  8. Eighth Schedule
  9. Decentralization- Concept, Reasons etc

 

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Solutions

Q1. Name the subject list from which both the Union and the State governments can make laws?

Answer: Concurrent List

 

Q2. The word “Federation” is used in Indian Constitution. True or False?

Answer- False

Although the word ‘Federation’ is not used, the Indian Union is based
on the principles of federation.

 

Q3. Explain the vertical division of power by giving examples from India.

Please Note- We have also learnt this under Chapter 1- Power Sharing.

Answer

  1. This is a system when power is shared among governments at different levels, i.e., the Union or the Central Government, the State Government and the Municipality and Panchayat at the lower level. This division of power involving higher and lower levels of government is known as vertical division of power.
  2. The Constitution declares India as a Union of States. The Constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government. Later, a third tier was added through an amendment.

 

Q4. List the division of subjects as provided for under the Indian Constitution.

Answer

The Constitution provides for a three-fold distribution of legislative powers between the Union Government and State Government. It contains three lists:

1. Union List (97 Subjects)
2. State List (66 Subjects)
3. Concurrent List (47 Subjects)

Learning Assignment

Please note as to what subjects fall under what lists under the Indian Constitution.

 

Q5. Which five provisions of the constitutional amendment of 1992 really strengthened the third tier of democracy in India? Explain.

Answer

Major steps towards decentralization and strengthening of third tier taken in
1992 were:

  1. It is now constitutionally mandatory to hold regular elections to Local Government bodies.
  2. Seats are reserved in elected bodies for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes (OBCs).
  3. At least one-third of all positions and seats are reserved for women.
  4. An independent institution called the State Election Commission was created to conduct Panchayat and Municipal elections.
  5. The State Governments are required to share some powers and revenue with Local Government bodies.

 

Important Questions and Answers

 

Q6. How is federal power sharing more effective today than in the early years? Explain.

Answer

Federal power sharing is more effective because of the nature of democratic politics in India. It has ensured that the spirit of federalism, respect for diversity and desire for living together have become a shared ideal in our country.

Federal power sharing has helped to inculcate a habit of democratic participation. This has ensured representation of all segments. Federal power sharing is the best way to realize one important principle of democracy, namely local self-government. Constitutional status for local government has helped to deepen democracy.

  1. With Federalism, Women’s representation has increased, and voice of the people is better represented.
  2. Federal power sharing has led to formation of linguistic states which has made the country more united. It has also made administration easier as well as reduced insecurities.
  3. It has reduced concentration of power and has distributed power to regional governments.

 

Q7. Why has federalism succeeded in India? Which are the policies adopted by India that have ensured it? Explain.

Answer

Reasons for success of federalism in India are:

  1. Clearly laid out Constitutional Provisions providing a three-fold distribution of powers in the three lists—Union List, State List and Concurrent List.
  2. The nature of democratic politics in our country ensures that the spirit of federalism, respect for diversity and desire for living together remains a shared ideal.
  3. The creation of linguistic states to ensure that people who spoke the same language lived in the same state. Later some states were created to accommodate differences based on culture, ethnicity or geography. For example: Nagaland, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Telangana, etc.
  4. Constitutional arrangements for sharing power are maintained. Post-1990 there has seen a rise of regional parties. Autonomy of State Governments has considerably increased.

 

Q8. Enumerate some important features of Federalism.

Answer

Several features of Federalism include-

  1. There exist two or more levels of government.
  2. Different levels of government govern the same citizens, where each level has its own jurisdiction in specific matters of legislation, taxation and administration.
  3. Existence and authority of each level of government is constitutionally governed.
  4. No unilateral changes to the fundamental provisions of the Constitution. Such changes require the consent of both the levels of government.
  5. Courts have the power to interpret the Constitution and powers of the different levels of government.
  6. Sources of revenue for each level of government are specified to ensure its financial autonomy.

 

Important Videos Links

 

Q9. Mention the dual objectives of Federalism.

Answer

Federal system has dual objectives.

  1. To safeguard and promote unity of the country,
  2. To accommodate regional diversity.

 

Q10. Describe in brief about the language policy of India.

Answer

  1. Our Constitution does not prescribe the status of national language to any one language.
  2. The formation of linguistic states united the country and made administration easier.
  3. The leaders of our country adopted a very cautious attitude in spreading the use of Hindi.
  4. Hindi was identified as an official language.
  5. The banning of use of English for official purposes in 1965 took a violent form in Tamil Nadu. The Central Government responded by agreeing to continue the use of English along with Hindi for official purposes.
  6. Promotion of Hindi remains an official stance of the Government of India, but there is no imposition of Hindi on Non-Hindi speaking States.

 

Q11. How many Languages are added to the Eighth Schedule?

Answer

Besides Hindi, there are 21 other languages recognized as scheduled languages by the Constitution. Therefore, all in all, there are 22 languages added under the 8th Schedule.

Learning Assignment

Read of the languages under 8th Schedule.

 

Q12. Brief about “Holding Together” type of Federation.

Answer

  1. In this type of federation, a large country divides its power between the constituent States and the National government. There is one government for the entire country and the others are governments at the State level. Both Central and State Governments enjoy their power independent of the other.
  2. The Central government tends to be more powerful vis-a-vis the states. Often different constituent units of the federation have unequal powers.
  3. For example, special powers had been granted to Jammu & Kashmir but have now been revoked.

 

Q13. Name the government that has the power to legislate on ‘Residuary’ subjects in India.

Answer

Union Government

 

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