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CBSE Class 10 Geography Important Questions for Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries Important Questions

Here are the important questions of 3, 4 and 5 Marks for CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries.  The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 10 Geography important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers.Take Free Online MCQ Test for Class 10

 

List of Important Question for CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries

 

 

Q1. Write the importance of the ‘manufacturing sector’ for our nation.

OR

“Manufacturing industry is considered the backbone of economic development of India.” Give reasons.

OR

 

The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of manufacturing industries”. Support the statement with arguments.

Q2. What is manufacturing? To which sector of the economy does it belong?

Q3. “Agriculture and industry are not exclusive of each other but move hand in hand.” Give arguments in favour of this statement.

 

Video of Outcomes of Manufacturing Industries Important Questions

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OR

Explain with examples how industries in India have given a major boost to agriculture.

Q4. List the major factors which affect the location of an industry at a place. What is the key to the decision of ‘factory location’?

Q5. What do you mean by “Agglomeration Economies”?

Q6. Explain the types of industries on the basis of ownership and give one example of each.

Q7. Name four agro-based and four mineral-based industries.

Q8. The textile industry is the only industry that is self-reliant and complete in the value-chain? Justify this statement?

OR

“Textile industry occupies a unique position in the Indian economy”. Support the statement with appropriate arguments.

Q9. List factors that favored the location and concentration of the cotton textile industry in Maharashtra and Gujarat in the early years.

Q10. Explain the main factors which are responsible for the concentration of jute mills along the banks of the Hugli river.

Q11. Why are sugar mills concentrated in sugarcane producing areas?

Q12. How do industries pollute the environment? Explain with five examples.

Q13. Explain the pro-active approach adopted by the National Thermal Power Corporation

(NTPC) for preserving the natural environment and resources?

 

Important Topics for Manufacturing Industries

1. Manufacturing as an activity

2. Classification of Industries

3. Location of Industries

4. Agriculture and Industry

5. Details of important industries

6. Industrial Pollution and Control/ successcds_edu

7. NTPC

 

Solutions

Q1. Write the importance of the ‘manufacturing sector’ for our nation.

OR

“Manufacturing industry is considered the backbone of the economic development of India.” Give reasons.

OR

The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of manufacturing industries”. Support the statement with arguments.

Answer - The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of manufacturing industries. Importance of manufacturing industries for India:
It helps in modernizing agriculture, which is the base of our economy.
It reduces the heavy dependence on agricultural income by providing jobs in non-agricultural sectors. Industrial development is necessary for the eradication of poverty and unemployment because people get jobs and generate more income. Export of manufactured goods expands trade and brings in much needed foreign exchange. Industries bring riches faster to a nation because industrial development brings prosperity to the country.

 

Q2. What is manufacturing? To which sector of the economy does it belong?

Answer  - Manufacturing is referred to as the production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing.
Manufacturing belongs to the secondary sector in which the primary materials are processed and converted into finished goods.

 

Q3. “Agriculture and industry are not exclusive of each other but move hand in hand.” Give arguments in favor of this statement.

OR

Explain with examples how industries in India have given a major boost to agriculture.

Answer - Agriculture and industry in India are rightly said to be indispensable to each other. They go hand in hand as:

1. Agro-industries in India have boosted agriculture by raising its productivity.

2. Industries depend on agriculture for their raw materials, example - cotton textile industry.

3. Industries provide many agricultural inputs like irrigation pumps, fertilisers, insecticides, PVC pipes, machines and tools etc. to the farmers.

4. Manufacturing industries have assisted agriculturists to increase their production and ensure efficient production processes.

5. Development of different modes of transport by the industrial sector has not only helped farmers to obtain agricultural inputs but has also helped them trade their products.'

 

Q4. List the major factors which affect the location of an industry at a place. What is the key to the decision of ‘factory location’?

Answer - Factors for the location of industries include:

1. Availability of Raw material: Cheap and abundant availability of raw material. Industries which use heavy and perishable raw material are to be located close to the source.

2. Availability of Labour: Cheap and efficient labour is necessary for keeping the cost of production low and maintaining quality.

3. Power Supply: Cheap and continuous supply of power is extremely necessary for continuity in the production process.

4. Capital: It is necessary for developing infrastructure, for the entire manufacturing process and for meeting manufacturing expenditure.

5. Other Services: Banking and insurance facilities, favorable government policies are other factors that affect the location of an industry.

The above combinations help in ensuring that the venture is profitable once established.

 

Important Questions and Answers

 

Q5. What do you mean by “Agglomeration Economies”?

Answer - Agglomeration Economies are the benefits that come when firms and people locate near one another together in cities and industrial clusters.
Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres known as ‘agglomeration economies’. Gradually, a large industrial agglomeration or clustering takes place around an urban center.

 

Q6. Explain the types of industries on the basis of ownership and give one example of each.

Answer - Four types of industries based on ownership are:

1. Public Sector Industries: These are owned and operated by government agencies, such as BHEL, SAIL, etc.

2. Private Sector Industries: These are owned and operated by an individual or a group of individuals, Such as, TISCO, Bajaj Auto Ltd., Dabur Industries.

3. Joint Sector Industries: These are jointly run by the Public (government) and Private Sector (individuals), such as Oil India Ltd.

4. Cooperative Sector: These industries are owned and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers, or both. Ex-sugar industry in Maharashtra, Coir industry in Kerala, Amul Cooperative.

 

Q7. Name four agro-based and four mineral-based industries.

Answer - 1. Four Agro-based Industries are Cotton textile, Jute textile, Sugar industry, and Edible Oils industry.

2. Four Mineral-based Industries are the Iron and Steel industry, Aluminium industry, Copper Smelting Industry, and Cement industry.

 

Q8. The textile industry is the only industry that is self-reliant and complete in the value-chain? Justify this statement?

OR

“Textile industry occupies a unique position in the Indian economy”. Support the statement with appropriate arguments.

Answer - The Textile industry occupies a unique position in the

  1. Indian Economy on account of the following reasons:
  2. It contributes significantly to industrial production (14%).
  3. It employs the second largest number of people , that is, 35 million persons directly.
  4. Its share in the foreign exchange earnings is significant at about 24.6%.
  5. It contributes 4% towards GDP.
  6. It is the only industry in the country which is self-reliant and complete in the value chain, i.e., from raw material to its highest value-added products.

 

Q9. List factors that favored the location and concentration of the cotton textile industry in Maharashtra and Gujarat in the early years.

Answer - Factors that favored the location and concentration of the cotton textile industry in Maharashtra and Gujarat in early years are:

  1. The availability of raw cotton was abundant and cheap in these cotton growing States.
  2. The moist climate in these coastal States also helped because humid conditions are required for weaving the cloth.
  3. Well developed transportation system and accessible port facilities in Maharashtra and Gujarat further accelerated their growth.
  4. Proximity to the market is yet another factor as cotton clothes are ideal and comfortable to wear in these warm and humid States.
  5. Cheap labour was abundantly available.

 

Important Videos Links

 

Q10. Explain the main factors which are responsible for the concentration of jute mills along the banks of the Hugli river.

Answer - Factors responsible for the concentration of the jute industry
on the banks of Hugli:
1. Proximity of the jute producing areas to the Hugli Basin.
2. Inexpensive water transport provided by the Hugli river.
3. It is well connected by a good network of railways, waterways, and roadways to facilitate the movement of raw materials to the mills.
4. Abundant water for processing raw jute.
5. Availability of cheap labor from West Bengal and the adjoining States of Bihar, Orissa, and Uttar Pradesh.
6. Kolkata as a port and large urban centre, provides banking, insurance and port facilities for export of jute goods.

 

Q11. Why are sugar mills concentrated in sugarcane producing areas?

Answer - Reasons for the location of sugar mills close to the fields:

  1. The raw material used, (i.e.,) sugarcane is bulky and perishable.
  2. It cannot be transported to long distances because its sucrose content dries up fast, so it should be processed within 24 hours of its harvest.

 

Q12. How do industries pollute the environment? Explain with five examples.

Answer - The five types of industrial pollution are:
Air Pollution: Smoke is emitted by chemical and paper factories, brick kilns, refineries and smelting plants, and burning of fossil fuels in factories that ignore pollution norms. Air-borne particulate materials contain both solid and liquid particles like dust, sprays, mist and smoke.
Water Pollution: Major water pollutants are dyes, detergents, acids and salts. Heavy metals like lead and mercury, pesticides and fertilizers and synthetic chemicals with carbon, plastics and rubber etc. discharged in the water bodies without treatment pollute these water bodies.
Noise Pollution: The generators, compressors, machines, furnaces, looms, exhaust fans, etc. used by industries create a lot of noise. Noise can raise blood pressure and can have physiological effects as well.
Land Pollution: Land and water pollution are closely related. Dumping of industrial wastes especially glass, harmful chemicals, industrial effluents, packing, salts, and garbage renders the soil useless.
Thermal Pollution: The hot water from industries is directly discharged into the water bodies causing thermal pollution due to changes in temperature. Wastes from nuclear power plants, nuclear and weapon production facilities cause cancer and birth defects.

 

Q13. Explain the pro-active approach adopted by the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) for preserving the natural environment and resources?

Answer - NTPC is taking the following measures in places where it is setting up power plants:

  • Optimum utilisation of equipment by adopting latest techniques and upgrading existing equipment.
  • Minimizing waste generation by maximizing ash utilization.
  • Providing green belts for nurturing ecological balance.
  • Reducing environmental pollution through ash pond management, ash water recycling system and liquid waste management.
  • Ecological monitoring, reviews and online database management for all its power stations.

 

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