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CBSE Class 10 Geography Important Questions for Chapter 1 Resources and Development

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development Important Questions

Here are the important questions (3,4 and 5 Markers) for CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture.  The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 10 Social Science important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers.Take Free Online MCQ Test for Class 10

 

 

List of Important Question for CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development

Q1. What do you understand as a ‘Resource’? Give examples.

Q2. Write the classification of resources on four different bases.

Q3. Give any two examples of non-renewable resources.

Q4. Explain four types of resources based on ownership and give one example of each type.

Q5. What is the difference between Stock and Reserve?

Q6. “Resource planning is essential for sustainable existence.” Discuss.

Q7. Write about two types of Alluvial Soil.

Q8. Explain three stages of ‘resource planning.’

Q9. Write four institutional efforts made at the global level for ‘resource conservation’.

Q10. Distinguish between each of the following:

(a) Current fallow and other than current fallow land
(b) Waste-land and culturable waste-land
(c) Net sown area and gross cropped area.

Q11. Name three states each in which land degradation is caused due to

Q12. Write six characteristics of Regur soils (black soils).

Q13. Mention a few methods of Soil Conservation.

 

Important Topics of Resources and Development

  1. Meaning of Resource and its Types
  2. Idea of Resource Planning
  3. Characteristics of Soil
  4. Land and Soil as Resources
  5. Soil Erosion
  6. Measures for Soil Conservation.

 

Solutions

Q1. What do you understand as a ‘Resource’? Give examples.

Answer

  1. Everything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs is called a Resource.
  2. It should be - technologically accessible, economically feasible, and culturally acceptable. Only then, it can be termed as a ‘Resource’.
  3. Examples are- Minerals, Forests, Fossil Fuels, etc.

 

Q2. Write the classification of resources on four different bases.

Answer

Resources can be classified in the following four ways:

(a) On the basis of Origin:

  1. Biotic
  2. Abiotic

 

(b) On the basis of exhaustibility:

  1. Renewable
  2. Non-renewable

 

(c) On the basis of ownership:

  1. Individual (Personal)
  2. Community
  3. National
  4. International

 

(d) On the basis of status and development:

  1. Potential
  2. Developed
  3. Reserve
  4. Stock

 

Q3. Give any two examples of non-renewable resources.

Answer

  1. Non-renewable resources are resources which once get exhausted, cannot be replenished. They take a long geological period of time, i.e., millions of years, in their formation. Their quantity is limited, and they require cautious usage. Example- Minerals, Fossil fuels, etc.

 

 

Q4. Explain four types of resources based on ownership and give one example of each type.

Answer

Basis of ownership- There are four types of resources:

  1. Individual Resources- These resources are owned privately by individuals, e.g., farmers own pieces of land or houses. Plantation, pasture lands, water in wells are some resources owned by individuals.
  2. Community Owned Resources. These resources are accessible to all the members of the community, e.g., village ponds, public parks, playgrounds. These are available for common use.
  3. National Resources. All the resources within the political boundary of a nation including the territorial water (oceanic area upto 12 nautical miles from the coast) extending into the ocean and resources therein belong to the nation, e.g., all minerals, forests, wildlife, water resources, land etc.
  4. International Resources. There are international institutions which own and regulate some resources, e.g., The oceanic resources beyond 200 km of the Exclusive Economic Zone belong to the open ocean and no individual country can use or claim rights over these without the concurrence of international institutions. Ex- Minerals in the South China Sea.

 

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Q5. What is the difference between Stock and Reserve?

Answer

  1. Stock- This includes materials in the environment, which have the potential to satisfy human needs, but man does not possess the appropriate technology to access them. We do not have the required technical know-how to use them and that is why they remain unutilized. Ex- Water is a compound of two inflammable gases- hydrogen and oxygen, which can be used as a rich energy source but this has not been capitalized upon.
  2. Reserve- Reserves are the subset of the stock, which can be put into use with the help of existing technical know-how, but their full utilization has not been achieved so as to meet future needs. Example- forest reserves, iron-ore reserves, water in the dams etc.

 

Q6. “Resource planning is essential for sustainable existence.” Discuss.

OR

What do you understand by ‘sustainable economic development’?

Answer

  1. Sustainable economic development means that development should take place without damaging the environment. Also, development in the present should not compromise with the needs of future generation. Hence, there should be development without compromising on future needs. To achieve this, resource planning is necessary to ensure judicious, rational and equitable distribution as well as proper utilization of resources. It is now a prerequisite for sustained quality of life and maintenance of global peace as the environment is a public facility.

 

Important Questions and Answers

 

Q7. Write about two types of Alluvial Soil.

Answer

According to their age, alluvial soils are of two types: Bangar and Khadar.

  1. Bangar is Old Alluvial Soil while Khadar is New.
  2. Bangar has a higher kankar nodule concentration than Khadar which has more fine particles.
  3. Bangar is coarser and found on old river terraces while Khadar is more fertile and is found widely on floodplains.

 

Q8. Explain three stages of ‘resource planning.’

Answer

Three stages of resource planning include:

  1. Identification and inventory of resources across the regions of the country. This involves surveying, mapping and qualitative as well as quantitative estimation/measurement of the resources.
  2. Evolving a planning structure endowed with appropriate technology, skill and institutional set up for implementing resource development plan.
  3. Matching the resource development plans with overall national development plans.

 

Important Videos Links

 

Q9. Write four institutional efforts made at global level for ‘resource conservation’.

Answer

  1. At the international level, the Club of Rome advocated resource conservation for the first time in a systematic way in 1968.
  2. In 1974, the Gandhian Philosophy was presented by Schumacher in his book “Small is Beautiful”.
  3. Brundtland Commission Report in 1987, introduced the concept of ‘sustainable development’ and advocated it as a means for resource conservation. This was subsequently published in a book entitled “Our Common Future”.
  4. In June 1992, the first ‘International Earth Summit’ was held in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, in which 100 heads of States met for addressing urgent problems of environmental protection and socio-economic development at the global level.

 

Note- Gandhian Philosophy

  1. Gandhiji voiced his concern about resource conservation by advocating- “There is enough for everybody’s need and not for anybody’s greed.”
  2. He placed greedy and selfish individuals as the root cause for resource depletion. He was against ‘mass production’ and fought for replacing it with concept of ‘production by the masses’.
  3. He further believed that irrational consumption and over-utilization of resources leads to socio-economic as well as environmental problems.

 

Q10. Distinguish between each of the following:
(a) Current fallow and other than current fallow land
(b) Waste-land and culturable waste-land
(c) Net sown area and gross cropped area.

Answer

a. Current fallow land is Land left without cultivation for one or less than one agricultural year.
Other than current fallow land is Land left uncultivated for the past one to five agricultural years.

b. Wasteland- It includes rocky, arid and desert areas which are not in use at present While Culturable wasteland is arable land that is left uncultivated for more than five agricultural years.

c. Net Sown Area- It is the total area under cultivation.
Gross Cropped Area- It is the area sown more than once in an agricultural year plus net sown area.

 

Q11. Name three states each in which land degradation is caused due to

a. Over-irrigation
b. over-grazing
c. deforestation due to mining activities

Answer

a. Three states where over-irrigation has resulted in land degradation are Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.
b. Due to over-grazing- Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
c. Deforestation due to mining activities has led to land degradation in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh.

 

Q12. Write six characteristics of Regur soils (black soils).

Answer

Characteristics of Black/ Regur soil include-

  1. They are made up of extremely fine, that is, clayey material.
  2. They have capacity to hold moisture and are ideal for growing cotton.
  3. They are rich in soil nutrients such as calcium carbonate, magnesium, potash and lime.
  4. These soils are generally poor in phosphoric contents.
  5. They develop deep cracks during dry hot weather, which helps in their proper aeration.
  6. These soils are sticky when wet and difficult to work unless tilled immediately after the first shower.

 

Q13. Mention a few methods of Soil Conservation.

Answer

Methods of Soil Conservation include-

  1. Contour ploughing - By ploughing along the contour lines, water is prevented from running down the slopes.
  2. Terrace cultivation - Steps can be cut on the slopes to make terrace like feature. This restricts washing away of soil.
  3. Strip cropping - Large fields can be divided into strips. Strips of grass are left to grow between the crops. This breaks the force of the wind.
  4. Planting of shelter belts- The planting of trees in rows to create shelter also breaks the force of the wind and restricts soil erosion.
  5. These have helped in the stabilization of sand dunes and deserts.

 

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Class 10 SST