Subject and Predicate
In every sentence we mention a person or thing. And then, we say something about that person or thing.
The person or thing we mention is the subject. Whatever we say about the person or thing is the predicate.
Look at the sentences below
1. The fisher men are catching fish.
2. I live in Mumbai.
3. Lucy is playing piano.
In the first sentence ‘the fishermen is the subject’ and ‘are catching fish’ is the predicate which tells us what the subject ‘the fishermen’ is doing.
In the second sentence, ‘I’ is the subject and ‘live in Mumbai’ is the predicate.
In the third sentence, ‘Lucy’ is the subject is playing piano is the predicate.
A predicate may have two parts. A verb and an object
The second noun or pronoun in the sentence is called the object. It receives the action of the subject.
Let us look at the First and the third sentences again.
In the first sentence, fishermen are catching fish. The fishermen is the subject, ‘are catching is the action or the verb and fish is the object’.
In the third sentence, Lucy is playing piano, Lucy is the ‘subject’ and the piano is the ‘object’.
The subject is connected with the object through the verb in a sentence. Both the verb and the object complete the information about the subject.
Only a Noun or Pronoun can be an object.
Normally a subject comes before the predicate but in some cases such as proverbs it may come at the end of the subject.
Sweet are the uses of adversity. Subject may be missing in imperative sentences.
Keep quiet, Sit down, Stand up etc.
Exercise – 1
Separate the subject from the predicate in the following sentences:
1. The boy stood on the bank of a river.
2. The princess has a kind heart.
3. I love eating chocolates.
4. I hate dishonesty.
5. Peter is leaving tomorrow.
6. She has been crying all day.
Exercise — 2
Identity the object in the following; also mention when there is no object:
1. Someone has stolen my watch.
2. I miss my childhood.
3. Why are you crying?
4. All living beings are mortal.
5. I am leaving at once.
6. I am leaving this city.
7. The milk is boiling.
8. Lily is boiling milk.
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