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Singular and Plural Nouns Lesson 1

Singular and Plural Nouns Lesson 1 of English Grammar by Ranjna Vedhera.

A noun that refers to one person or object is called a singular noun.
A noun that denotes more than one person or object is called a plural noun.
Look at the words given below
Singular Noun Plural Noun
Table Tables
Man Men
Ox Oxen
Woman Women
State States
Country Countries
How To Form Plurals?
1. By simply adding ‘s’ to a singular noun.
Girl Girls
Book Books
Spoon Spoons
Nouns ending in ‘s’ sh, ch or x form plurals by adding ‘es’. Examples: Class Classes Dish Dishes Bench Benches Box Boxes
Nouns ending in ‘o’ also form plurals by add ‘es’.
Examples: Mango Mangoes
Buffalo Buffaloes
Potato Potatoes
4. In case of some exceptions some nouns ending in ‘o’ form plurals by just adding ‘s’.
Photo Photos
Solo Solos
Memento Mementos
5. Nouns ending in ‘y’ preceded by a consonant form plural by changing ‘y’ into ‘ies’. Examples: Baby Babies Army Armies Pony Ponies
6. Many nouns ending in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ replace ‘f’ & ‘fe’ with ‘ves’.
Examples: Thief Thieves Knife Knives Calf Calves
7. But some exception are there, when ‘f’ remains unchanged only ‘s’ is added Examples: Chief Chiefs Roof Roofs Safe Safes
8. Plurals are also formed by changing the inside vowel or vowel of the singular noun. Examples: Man Men Woman Women Louse Lice
9. Some nouns are made plural by add ‘en’ or ‘ren’ to their singular form.
Ox Oxen
Child Children

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