Singular and Plural Nouns Lesson 1 of English Grammar by Ranjna Vedhera.
A noun that refers to one person or object is called a singular noun.
A noun that denotes more than one person or object is called a plural noun.
Look at the words given below
Singular Noun Plural Noun
How To Form Plurals?
1. By simply adding ‘s’ to a singular noun.
Nouns ending in ‘s’ sh, ch or x form plurals by adding ‘es’. Examples: Class Classes Dish Dishes Bench Benches Box Boxes
Nouns ending in ‘o’ also form plurals by add ‘es’.
Examples: Mango Mangoes
4. In case of some exceptions some nouns ending in ‘o’ form plurals by just adding ‘s’.
5. Nouns ending in ‘y’ preceded by a consonant form plural by changing ‘y’ into ‘ies’. Examples: Baby Babies Army Armies Pony Ponies
6. Many nouns ending in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ replace ‘f’ & ‘fe’ with ‘ves’.
Examples: Thief Thieves Knife Knives Calf Calves
7. But some exception are there, when ‘f’ remains unchanged only ‘s’ is added Examples: Chief Chiefs Roof Roofs Safe Safes
8. Plurals are also formed by changing the inside vowel or vowel of the singular noun. Examples: Man Men Woman Women Louse Lice
9. Some nouns are made plural by add ‘en’ or ‘ren’ to their singular form.