India our Motherland – Mountains and Plains (CBSE NCERT Social Science) – Geography
The name India is derived from the river Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers.
7th Largest Country in the World
LARGEST DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY IN THE WORLD
SECOND MOST POPULOUS COUNTRY IN THE WORLD
LOCATION & EXTENT
INDIA LIES NORTH OF THE EQUATOR
It lies between 8 Degrees 4’ N Latitude in the South and 37 Degrees 6’ N Latitude in the North and …
It lies Between 68 Degrees 7’ E Longitude in the West and 97 Degrees 25’ E Longitude in the East.
The Tropic of Cancer (23 Degree 30’ N) passes through India…
Bay of Bengal
KANYAKUMARI is the Southern most tip of the Indian Peninsula.
India is a land of high Mountains, mighty rivers, fertile plains Extensive plateaus and Coastal plains.
Broadly the main land can be divided into our physical units.
THE NORTHERN MOUNTAINS
High Mountain Ranges run along the entire northern boundary of India.
The Northern most range is the KARAKORAM RANGE.
South of the Karakoram Range are the mighty Himalayas.
The Himalayas have some of the Highest Peaks in the World.
MANY RIVERS ALSO ORIGINATE FROM THE HIMALAYAS.
They are a large stretch of level and fertile lands formed by the Alluvial deposits of the Indus, Ganga, Brahmaputra and their tributaries.
The Punjab Haryana Plain
The Ganga Plain
The Brahmaputra Plain
THE PENINSULAR PLATEAU