A Thing of Beauty | CBSE NCERT Class XII English Poem Explanation, Question Answers and Difficult words.
A Thing of Beauty Poem Class 12
Explanation, Difficult words and Question Answers of Poem “A Thing of Beauty “ by John Keats
About the poet
John Keats was born in London in the year 1795 and died in Rome in 1821 at the young age of 25 due to illness.
“A thing of beauty is a joy forever Its loveliness increases, it will never Pass into nothingness;” The poet says that beauty is eternal, it is forever, never fades away but instead, our love for it enhances with the passage of time. As the saying ‘beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder’, it is the perception of one who looks at something that how he finds it. So, here the poet’s view about beauty is that it never ends.
“but will keep A bower quiet for us, and a sleep
Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing.”
Beauty acts like the soothing, relaxing shade of the trees which helps all the creatures to sleep peacefully and enjoy good health.
“Therefore, on every morrow, are we wreathing A flowery band to bind us to the earth, Spite of despondence, of the inhuman dearth Of noble natures, of the gloomy days, Of all the unhealthy and o’er-darkened ways Made for our searching: yes, in spite of all, Some shape of beauty moves away the pall From our dark spirits.”
Here, he says that at every moment our desire to live further is because we encircle ourselves with our love towards these beautiful things. As we get wrapped up in the beautiful flowery band, we get a reason to live further. Without beauty, the Earth, is full of gloom and sadness. There is cruelty all around and lack of good natured people. It is this beauty, creation of God which removes the sadness and darkness from our mind and soul.
“Such the sun, the moon, Trees old, and young, sprouting a shady boon For simple sheep; and such are daffodils With the green world they live in; and clear rills That for themselves a cooling covert make ‘Gainst the hot season; the mid forest brake, Rich with a sprinkling of fair musk rose blooms; And such too is the grandeur of the dooms We have imagined for the mighty dead; All lovely tales that we have heard or read; An endless fountain of immortal drink, Pouring unto us from the heaven’s brink.”
The poet names some of the things whose beauty is eternal- the Sun, moon, greenery like trees whose shade is a boon for creatures like the sheep to rest under it, various flowers like daffodil, rivers full of clear waters which cool everyone in the summers, the thick bushes of forest fern where beautiful, fragrant musk roses bloom. Other than these things of nature, the poet says that the stories of brave men who sacrificed their lives are also beautiful. All these beautiful things are like nectar for us, God’s gift to us which help us to live further on this Earth.